W. Van Ooarschet and K. Boos
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 343-361
Discusses the various methods used in controlling and reducing the number of people claiming disability insurance benefits. Article looks at controlling inflow: the reconstruction and introduction of benefit schemes; long term disability; short term disability; sickness; the 1994 Working Act on working circumstances which made employers directly responsible for the prevention of sickness and disability among their employees and the activation strategy whose measures are aimed primarily at the young and long term unemployed. It also looks at these methods in a European context and the impact of directives.
F. Lundstrőm, D. Macananey and B. Webster
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 379-397
Examines the changes in Irish legislation, policy and practice over the last decade for people with disabilities. It discusses that a report published by the commission on the status of people with disabilities (1995) has influenced education, training and the establishment of new structures such as those seen under the National Disability Authority Act (NDA). Articles also looks at the EU and the changing perspectives on disability.
M. A. Verdugo, A. Jiménez and F. Borja Jordan de Urries
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 323-341
Article starts by looking at the Social Integration of Disabled People Act 1982, which has provided a framework for all subsequent social policies in the field of disability. It looks at the idea of prevention, rehabilitation and integration. It covers labour reforms, national action plans for employment, and social policies for people with disabilities. The influence of European policies and guidelines on disability and employment are also discussed as are their impact on Spanish social and employment policies.
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 399-418
Article begins by looking at the historical aspects of Swedish welfare policies before looking at the major changes that were seen on the 1990's in work and labour market policies. The changes came about as a result of the rising cost of long-term sickness and the increasing number of new early retirees and people with occupational injuries due to unsatisfactory working environments. The civil rights and anti-discrimination movements led to the establishment of the Disability Ombudsman. The decentralisation of important welfare tasks has increased the freedom of local authorities and municipalities and allowed private companies to enter the market, proving a variety of forms of service.
N. Van Oorschot and B. Hvinden
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 293-302
Article is based on disability policies as seen in Sweden, Denmark, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, Ireland and Spain. It touches on previous policy measures, policy failure versus implementation failure, and the social model old or new and also looks at the increased EU influence on national disability policies.
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 2, 2000, p. 363-377
Article gives an overview of Danish disability policy from the 1930's to the 1980's and goes on to discuss the formation and power of the corporatist structure that has developed giving disabled people considerable political influence. It discusses the moving forces and prime actors in current policy development and puts it into context of European Union policies.