R M Silverman
Community Development Journal, vol.36, 2001, p.234-245.
The current community development industry system in the US substantially confines CDC and neighbourhood interests to the policy implementation arena while allowing grassroots organisations limited voice in the policy formulation process. The CDC model has failed to promote the meaningful participation of disenfranchised groups and deprived communities in policy development. These groups have received representation by proxy through primary sector organizations in the community development industry system. CDCs have been transformed into subcontractors of public sector services to distressed communities.