W J Carrington and B C Fallick
Monthly Labor Review, vol.124, May 2001, p.17-27.
Research identifies a nontrivial fraction of workers in the US who spend substantial portions of their post-school career on minimum or near-minimum wage jobs. Estimates that 8% of workers spend at least 50% of their first 10 post-school years working in minimum wage jobs. Workers with such minimum wage careers are largely drawn from demographic groups with generally low wages: women, minorities and the less-educated.