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Welfare Reform on the Web (November 2001): Social Security - Overseas

 

CAREFUL OR LENIENT:

WELFARE REFORM FOR LONE MOTHERS IN THE NETHERLANDS.

T. Knijn and F. van Wel

Journal of European Social Policy, vol.11, 2001, p. 235-251

Under the 1996 welfare reform in the Netherlands, lone mothers are obliged to earn their living through paid work as soon as their youngest child reaches the age of five. There are additional incentives to support lone mothers in engaging in (part-time) work. The measure has met with considerable resistance from lone mothers and from the caseworkers and municipalities that have been granted discretionary powers to implement the new law. It can concluded that the law has not been very successful: only slightly more than one out of ten lone mothers has actually left social assistance. Article explains these poor results by analysing the assumptions and incentives of the national policies and by describing the mechanisms of discretion at a local level.

THE EFFECT OF WELFARE ON CHILDREN'S EDUCATION

I. Ku

Social Service Review, Vol. 75, 2001, p. 245-270

Study estimates the effect of parental welfare receipt on children's educational outcomes in adulthood using both conventional and fixed effect regression methods. The cross-sectional results show that welfare receipt has consistently statistically significant and negative effects on children's educational attainment, regardless of race and gender. The negative relation - ship between parental welfare receipt and children's educational outcomes becomes weaker after controlling for unobserved family characteristics. While the fixed effect estimation does not eliminate all the negative relationships for the full sample, it reduces many and shows that the relationship between parental welfare receipt and children's educational attainment is not uniform across race, gender and developmental stages of children.

FAMILY FORTUNES

L. Harkers

Guardian, Aug. 28th 2001, p.11

Welfare reform in the US appears to have led to a drop in the number of lone parent families. Improved employment prospects stimulated by welfare reforms may be helping to stabilise family life and discouraging young parenthood.

SCHRODER THREAT TO END DOLE FOR "LAZY"

T. Helm

Daily Telegraph, Aug. 21st 2001, p.12

Reports that the German government is drawing up plans to impose benefits sanctions on jobless young people who refuse suitable work.

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