W. Han and J. Waldfogel
Social Science Quarterly, vol.82, 2001, p.552-568
The effects of child care costs on the employment of single and married mothers with pre-school age children were analyzed using demographic and employment data from the US March Current Population Survey, supplemented by child care data from various sources Results showed that child care costs have strong effects on the employment of women with pre-school children, and that these effects are larger for single mothers than for married mothers.
D. R. Morgan and K. Kickham
Social Science Quarterly, vol.82, 2001, p.478-493
Found that economic and family circumstances are the major determinants of child poverty among the states of the USA. The unemployment rate for females, the percentage of births to unmarried mothers and the percentage of single parent families are especially useful indicators. Public policies such as the state or federal minimum wage, the Earned Income Tax Credit and Aid to Families with Dependent Children/Food Stamp programme payments are also important.
J. K. Rice
Administration and Society, vol.33, 2001, p.455-479
Article develops, applies and appraises a framework designed to guide local policy makers as they consider the types, amounts and distribution of costs associated with comprehensive support services for children. Comprehensive systems that seek to coordinate a broad array of support services have been surfacing as an avenue for providing public services to children.
ChildRight, no. 179, 2001, p.18-20
The full of Ceaucescu led to a huge rise in unregulated intercountry adoption from Romania. It was hoped that the implementation of the 1993 Hague Convention on the Protection of Children and Co-operation in Respect of Intercountry Adoption would put an end to the alarming flow of children out of the country. Unfortunately that hope was not realised. New legislation is now being drafted aimed at keeping Romanian children in Romania, safeguarded by an effective child welfare system and laws which ensure that intercountry adoption is a last resort.
I. P. Whitaker
Journal of Children and Poverty, vol.7, 2001, p.145-162
Study demonstrates that states in the USA are already unequal on measures of child social well-being deficits. States that already exhibit large social well-being deficits will most likely see these deficits grow as income, food and medical supports are withheld from families that do not comply with state regulations for receiving benefits. The exacerbation of child social well-being deficits is tied to how states choose to treat poor families under current welfare reform policies, as the generosity of support varies from state to state.