R. I. Lerman and C. Ratcliffe
Monthly Labor Review, vol. 124, July 2001, p. 3-12
Despite a large influx of single mothers into the labour force in the US following the implementation of welfare reform in 1996, metropolitan areas have generated enough jobs to employ these new entrants without deleterious effects on competing groups of workers.
International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 10, 2001, p. 294-299
A critical analysis of the privatisation of social security in Chile and the impact it has had on the economy and society.
K. Tang and R. Ngan
International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 10, 2001, p. 253-259
Looking at China's developmental approach to social welfare, this article discusses initiatives such as the replacement of the employer-based insurance model. It assesses China's new social security system and examines the advantages of a largely social insurance model and the major role played by the state.
Social Polities, vol. 8, 2001, p. 197-202
Describes the impact of welfare reform on poor women in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. A survey of former welfare recipients showed that 72% were not working. Those who had obtained paid work were struggling in minimum wage, part-time or temporary jobs. Those who had not obtained work survived by borrowing money, receiving money from friends and relatives, obtaining food from food pantries and doing odd jobs like baby sitting.
International Social Work, vol. 44, 2001, p. 405-422
Article explores the global patterns of social security provision for the unemployed and its method of financing. Also ranks unemployment programmes in 80 countries. Finds that the provision of unemployment benefits has been addressed in most countries through a social insurance scheme. Few instances of distinctive practices can be identified. Mandatory personal savings programmes have been adopted only in Colombia and Guatemala. National Provident funds are used only in Nepal and Zambia. Social assistance is used only to provide a safety net for those not covered by the employment-based insurance scheme.
L. S. Deprez and S. S. Butler
Social Polities, vol. 8, 2001, p. 210-227
In the US state of Maine, a coalition of welfare recipients and middle class advocates succeeded in persuading the state legislature to approve a programme supporting secondary education for low-income women.
Social Work, vol. 46, 2001, p. 309-214
The pro-work rhetoric surrounding current efforts in the US to move women off of benefits and into jobs rests on at least three propositions: work is the norm, work is good for families, and work leads to self-sufficiency. Article reviews empirical evidence on each of these propositions and concludes that many former benefits claimants will earn low wages in unstable employment and will require a range of supports to move from welfare to self-sufficiency and improved family well-being.
Social Politics, vol. 8, 2001, p. 186-190
Feminists in Canada have been identified as a "special interest group" and their concerns have been marginalized. As a result, child benefits have been cut and women workers treated as "gender neutral", a false universalism that denies the extra burden of care giving responsibilities they carry.
International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 10, 2001, p. 284-293
Article discusses the welfare reform programme and its impacts on both economic development and poverty in the United States. It discusses how welfare reform intends to reverse the allegedly negative economic effects of the system by requiring clients to work.
R. Y. Kim
Social Work, vol. 46, 2001, p. 315-323
In 1996 welfare legislation made lawful immigrants to the US, with a few exemptions, ineligible for most forms of public assistance. Article reviews recent court rulings that have upheld the legislation and examines them in the light of two constitutional principles (the Equal Protection and Supremacy clauses) which have traditionally been applied to the issue of "aliens" eligibility for welfare benefits.