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Welfare Reform on the Web (March 2002): Welfare State - Overseas

M. Chaves and W. Tsitsos

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, vol. 30, 2001, p. 660-683

Data from the 1998 US National Congregations Study was used to provide a portraits of congregations' social services activities. This portrait challenges two common claims about faith based social services. Contrary to the claim that faith-based social services are distinctive in their holistic or personal approach, congregations are most likely to engage in activities which require only fleeting contact with needy people, and to participate in programmes aimed at meeting short-term emergency needs. There is also no evidence to support the claim that the holistic approach of religious organisations to social services is threatened by collaboration with secular or government agencies.

H. Pfaffenberger

Social Work in Europe, vol. 8, no. 3, 2001, p. 26-29

Argues that the process of "EU-isation" which is geared to economic growth, global competitiveness and the free market has negative consequences for social policy and social work.

L. Moore

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, vol. 2001, p. 707-719

French and Japanese experiences show that nations can cycle through periods of expansion and then restriction of the legal status and role of the non-profit sector in social welfare provision. This article considers the potential for legitimation strategies to explain these shifts in non-profit sector status.

WELFARE STATES, SOLIDARITY AND JUSTICE PRINCIPLES: DOES THE TYPE REALLY MATTER?

W. Arts and J. Gelissen

Acta Sociologica, vol. 4, 2001, p. 283-299

Argues that people's notions of solidarity and choices of justice principles need to be understood in the context of the frames of reference and the forces of circumstances created by their welfare state regimes. Thus citizens of immature Mediterranean welfare states show a strong commitment to institutionalised solidarity. Similarly, citizens of social democratic welfare states take a positive view of government intervention to achieve a high level of solidarity. In contrast, citizens of liberal, radical, conservative and South Asian conservative welfare states appear to be relatively less dedicated to achieving a high level of solidarity through government intervention. With respect of people's choice of the principle of equality, findings suggest that although citizens of all types of mature welfare states are in favour of income levelling they are simultaneously willing to accept some inequality. Conversely, the populations of immature welfare states appear to be more in favour of equality.

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