The Guardian, Jan. 25th 2002, p.6
There are proportionately twice as many poor children in Britain as Germany, according to a study for the Anglo-German Foundation. Around 30% of British children live in poverty - household income less than 60% of the national average - against a German figure of 19%.
I. St James-Roberts and C. S. Singh
London: Home Office Research, Development and Statistics Directorate 2001 (Home Office Research Study; 233)
Project Chance, the subject of this report, is a community-based intervention programme designed to prevent long-term antisocial behaviour, social exclusion and criminal offending. The project provides trained mentors who work one-to-one with primary school age children. It produced evidence that the use of mentors to support children with behaviour problems has been effective. It offers potentially cost-effective preventive intervention which catches problems before they become entrenched.
A. Cleland and E. Sutherland
Edinburgh: W. Green & Sons Ltd, 2001
This book examines law and practice in Scotland on children's issues. It provides a comprehensive and practical guide to children's rights. It looks at child law in the context of the European Convention on Human Rights, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Children (Scotland) Act 1995 and the Human Rights Act 1998.
Young People Now, no. 155, 2002, p. 22-23
On the basis of his experience as a Chief Youth Officer and a consultant, author argues for more stringent personal checks on people applying for jobs as youth workers in order to weed out child sex abusers.
H. Minnis and C. Del Priore
Adoption and Fostering, vol. 25, Winter 2001, p. 27-38
Two recent studies of children in care in central Scotland have highlighted the high level of emotional and behavioural difficulties they experience. The authors synthesise the results of the two studies and conclude that:
L. Britton et al
Bristol: Policy Press, 2002
Government is phasing in the Connexions support service for young people which is intended to be universal for all 13 to 19 year olds, but targeted at those most at risk of social exclusion. However the research suggests that the young people most at risk may be missed, ignored or misunderstood by the new service. Significant numbers were unknown to official agencies such as the Careers Service and viewed professional help with deep suspicion. Special problems faced by minority ethnic groups were ignored, and many of the deep-rooted causes of disaffection were overlooked by existing agencies. If Connexions is to engage with these young people, it will need a fresh approach, including a strong role for community and voluntary organisations and the use of outreach and detached workers.
Community Care, Jan. 31st - Feb. 6th 2002, p. 34-36
Identifies three categories of private fostering which produce positive outcomes for the children involved. Satisfactory private foster parents include:
Suggest that local authorities should appoint a specialist officer to monitor private fostering and support carers and parents.
Community Care, Feb. 14th - 20th 2002, p. 36-37
Most refuges for victims of domestic violence in the UK are run by charitable organisations, notably the Women's Aid Federation. Article highlights lack of funding from local authority social services departments for specialist children's workers to support youngsters in the refuges. There are also concerns that refuges will be unable to meet the new national standards for childminding and day care services which came into force in September 2001.
Community Care, Feb. 7th - 13th 2002, p. 38-39
Children in care are increasingly being placed in small private residential homes rather than in local authority establishments. Article reports results of a study that compared the performance of local authority and private children's homes, focusing on use of physical restraint as a measure. Study found that while private homes offered higher staffing levels and a willingness to take on children who could not be coped with elsewhere, there was little evidence to suggest that their staff had greater levels of skill or expertise than staff of local authority homes.
Child: Care, Health and Development, vol. 28, 2002, p. 3-4
The Sure Start scheme to improve the life chances of children born into poverty is based on a set of key principles. These include:
P. Hare, M. Baxter and E. Newbronner
Community Care, Jan. 24th - 30th 2002, p. 40-41
The effective collection of data on the number and location of vulnerable children is a highly pertinent issue as government guidance has called for the setting up of local strategic partnerships to address a wide range of children's needs. Article reports on a mapping exercise recently carried out for a children's services planning group in Northern England.
Community Care, Feb. 7th - 13th 2002, p. 28-30
The government strategy for reducing teenage pregnancies involves improved access to contraception, better sex education, and support for those who do become parents to ensure that they and their children flourish. Article reports on progress made by the Teenage Pregnancy Unit in implementing the strategy.
Community Care, Jan. 17th - 23rd 2002, p. 40-41
The Adoption Bill currently before Parliament fails to address the service needs of birth relatives seeking to contact an adopted person.
Young People Now, no. 155, 2002, p. 28-29
Author looks at the history of social exclusion and finds that alienated working class young people have been seen as a problem for at least 200 years. The best efforts of the youth service have failed to solve the problem using individualised approaches. Article argues that the structural causes of disaffection, such as poverty and racism, need to be addressed.