V. Dickson and T. Myatt
Journal of Labor Research, vol. 23, 2002 p. 57-67
Examined the relative minimum wage policies of provincial governments in Canada from 1977 to 1996 and investigated the influence of interest groups, ideology and various control variables. Concluded that minimum wage rises were ideology - driven. Minimum wages in Canada were higher when left-wing governments were in power.
J. Waltman and S. Pittman
Journal of Labor Research, vol. 23, 2002, p. 51-56
Authors assess the importance of state wealth, the strength of the political left and citizen's political beliefs in explaining state minimum wage laws in the US. Find that ideology in the most important factor.
M. E. Dobson
Journal of Labour Research, vol. 23, 2002, p. 25-40
West Virginia, relative to the rest of the USA, is a low-wage area, and the impact of minimum wages should be most apparent there. Authors uses county data pooled across eight years to show that minimum wage increases adversely affected the employment levels. A 10% increase in the minimum wages appears to reduce total employment in the average West Virginia county by 1.1% and by 1.4% in the state's rural counties. Analysis shows that minimum wages produce adverse consequences for workers who supposedly benefit.
R. Wedder and L. Galloway
Journal of Labor Research, vol. 23, 2002, p. 41-49
The US minimum wage was intended to reduce the incidence of poverty. Authors find no evidence that it has done so even for full-time workers in regular employment. Because it leads to job losses and hours reductions, increases in the minimum wage can actually exacerbate poverty.
P. F. Orazem and J. P. Mattila
Journal of Labor Research, vol. 23, 2002, p.3-23
Authors use county-level, two-digit data in a study of how the minimum wage affects low-wage retail and service industry workers in Iowa. Conclude that minimum wages reduced employment opportunities for workers by reducing the number of low-wage jobs and the number of hours worked. In addition, study found that increases in the minimum wage reduced the number of firms.