N. A. Apt
International Social Security Review, vol. 55, no. 1, 2002, p.39-47
In the African context, older people, especially women, constitute one of the population groups most at risk, particularly in rural areas. With traditional social protection strategies, based on family and community networks, unable to maintain their primacy author suggests innovative approaches inspired by tradition. These involve integrating intergenerational solidarity into modern society and giving older people a key social role.
S. Zimmerman, P.D. Sloane and J. K. Eckert (eds)
London: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001
This book provides a future model of long-term care that draws a distinction between nursing homes and community based care. It reduces the gap between receiving care in the home and in an institution. Focusing on national issues of regulation, reimbursement and staffing this book examines the evolving field of residential care and discusses the future direction and implications of assisted living.
J. H. Schulz
International Social Security Review, vol. 55, no. 1. 2002, p.85-105
Argues that retirement is a recent invention, the product of the industrial revolution. As such, it is intrinsically linked to economic conditions rather than to demography. This explains why the retirement age went down at a time when life expectancy was rising. Suggests that in future the demand to take retirement will be outstripped by the demand for free time, which might be taken sooner or later in life, without any notion of an irreversible choice. Appeals for greater flexibility, and for more choice between paid work and voluntary activities irrespective of age.
International Social Security Review, vol. 55, no.1, 2002, p.107-120
Suggests a package of measurers to boost the economic activity of older workers. These would include ensuring access to training without age restrictions, offering refresher courses to facilitate the return to work, and the elimination of forms of age discrimination such as a mandatory retirement age. Increased participation of older workers in the labour market would reduce the ratio of economically active to inactive people and relieve pressure on pension schemes.
International Social Security Review, vol.55, no.1, 2002, p.121-139
Proposes a strategy based on the concept of "active ageing", which when applied to society as a whole, would improve the quality of life while tackling the economic challenges posed by ageing. A co-ordinated approach, taking in such issues as employment, pensions, retirement, health and social inclusion makes it possible to envisage a society for all ages in which everyone has a place and to which all have a chance to contribute.