London: Draeger, 2002
A comparison of attitudes to coping with burnout within different cultural settings and what it means for future child and youth care workers.
K. A. Moore and others
Journal of Social Policy, vol. 31, 2002, p. 207-227
Article discusses the effects of US welfare reforms introduced under the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act on children. The Act limited entitlement to public assistance to 5 years, required work after 24 months, and allowed states to impose sanctions. After taking into account background differences, research showed that children who experienced stable but disadvantaged economic conditions fared no worse than children who were never poor. Children whose family circumstances improved were in no danger of poor outcomes. However children in families whose economic position worsened or fluctuated were more at risk of behavioural problems and scored worse on reading tests than those who had never been poor.
J. K. Whittaker and A N. Maluccio
Social Service Review, vol. 76, 2002, p. 108-134
Article reviews the system of child welfare in the US in its multiple facets through the prism of child out-of-home placement. Explores the key question of the relationship between the child and the state through a re-examination of substitute care services.
Community, Work and Family, vol. 5, 2002, p. 103-120
Article compares and contrasts French and German family policies. In France, extensive public provision of child care and nursery education has enabled women to easily balance home and work, to have children and pursue careers. In Germany, the persistence of the male breadwinner model has led to a lack of public provision of child care, especially for toddlers. This may have led young women to decide not to have children in order to pursue careers.