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Welfare Reform on the Web (July 2002): Social Housing - Overseas

HOUSING REFORM AND HOME OWNERSHIP BEHAVIOUR IN CHINA: A CASE STUDY IN GUANGZHOU

M. H. C. Ho and T.-M. Kwong

Housing Studies, vol. 17, 2002, p. 229-244

Before economic reform, housing in China was allocated to workers through work units. Housing reform in urban China has created a new market based on local demand. However, this case study of Guangzhou shows that work units remain influential in the determination of tenure choice, together with the age of the head of household. Thus the market allocation mechanism introduced by the housing reforms has not yet replaced the entrenched influence of work units on home ownership behaviour.

POWER, IDEOLOGY AND THE WASHINGTON CONSENSUS: THE DEVELOPMENT AND SPREAD OF CHILEAN HOUSING POLICY

A. Gilbert

Housing Studies, vol. 17, 2002, p. 305-324

Using Chilean the housing system as a case study, article explores the influence of Washington-based development agencies on policy in Third World countries. Governments can evade conditions attached to loans, and can play one institution off against another. Thus Chile needed finance from the World Bank, but once it had obtained this, followed its own agenda. The Inter-American Development Bank and USAID fared little better. However the Chilean model was neo-liberal in nature, and was the precursor of much that was implemented from Washington in the days of structural adjustment.

SEGREGATION AND MARGINALISATION WITHIN PUBLIC HOUSING: THE DISADVANTAGED IN BEDOK NEW TOWN, SINGAPORE

C. H. Sin

Housing Studies, vol. 17, 2002, p. 267-288

Paper examines segregation within public housing in Bedok New Town, Singapore. Data show that people of Indian ethnic background had become more segregated between 1980 and 1990. The eligibility criteria and allocation procedures pertaining to public housing help channel certain groups of residents into a narrow array of housing types in strictly defined locations. Particular socio-demographic features of lower-income Indians, coupled with their numerical inferiority, leads to a weak position within the housing market.

TRENDS AND CHANGE IN SOCIAL HOUSING FINANCE AND PROVISION WITHIN THE EUROPEAN UNION

K. Gibb

Housing Studies, vol. 17, 2002, p. 325-336

Paper begins with a brief critical description of the main ways in which social housing is organised in EU countries. Then gives an overview of social housing finance, public spending and subsidy mechanisms in various national systems. Sets out some of the key challenges consequently facing the non-market housing sector across the EU.

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