European Industrial Relations Review, no. 339, 2002, p. 19-21
From the beginning of 2002, the existing parental leave benefit provided through social insurance funds in Austria was replaced by a more general childcare allowance provided by the family fund. While the government considers that it has fulfilled one of its most important election promises and regards the new allowance as a milestone on the way to the creation of a more "family friendly" society, the policy's critics view it as an expensive benefit that does not achieve its aims.
European Journal of Social Security, vol. 3, 2002, p. 315-332
It appears that the quality of the treatment of migrants in the social security systems of the host countries is strongly dependent on the immigration policies of the states concerned. It is the perceived desirability of migration which affects the legal position of migrants in social security. This has negative effects particularly for asylum seekers, illegal immigrants and nationals from countries not covered by international social security obligations.
European Industrial Relations Review, no. 339, 2002, p. 27-29
The consensual model of industrial relations in the Netherlands combined with a very generous system of occupational disability benefit has led to an extraordinarily high level of sickness absenteeism. Article outlines the debate about disability benefit reform and its implications for the whole industrial relations system.
G. M. Shaw and R. Y. Shapiro
Public Opinion Quarterly, vol. 66, 2002, p. 105-128
Article looks back over the last five years at the impact of Welfare Reform legislation introduced in 1996 in America. It examines whether changes are reflected in the perceptions of poverty and the role of the government in providing public assistance in the mind of the American public.
Economic and Social Review, vol. 32, 2001, p. 191-216
Paper assesses the redistributive effect of the Irish tax-benefit system over the lifetime using a dynamic microsimulation model. Overall the tax-benefit system redistributes from men to women and rich to poor. However the overall degree of redistribution over the lifetime is less than when income is based on shorter accounting periods such as a year. This is because benefits are based on a contributory social insurance scheme. They replace income during periods of financial hardship, but are based on previous contributions.
S. Chapon and C. Euzeby
International Social Security Review, vol. 55, no. 2, 2002, p. 37-56
For a whole series of reasons European Union social protection schemes are threatened with regression. These include:
If the EU wishes to avoid the risks of social fragmentation due to the "levelling down" of social protection, it will have to organize a minimum threshold of solidarity.