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Welfare Reform on the Web (October 2002): Social Care - Overseas

CHARITABLE CHOICE AND FAITH-BASED WELFARE: A CALL FOR SOCIAL WORK

R A Cnaan and S C Boddie

Social Work, vol. 47, 2002, p. 224-235

The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 contains a little known section referred to as "Charitable Choice". This section encourages states to involve community and faith-based organisations in providing federally funded welfare services.

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT AND CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL WORK IN TODAYS CHINA

X Xia and J Guo

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 11, 2002, p. 254-262

This paper examines the introduction, abolition and reinstatement of social work education in China since 1920. It looks at the characteristics of four types of social work: official-educational, official-practical, voluntary-educational and voluntary-practical. It goes on to examine their places in each development stage.

INFORMAL CARE: THE VIEWS OF PEOPLE RECEIVING CARE

S McCann and D. S. Evans

Health and Social Care in the Community, vol. 10, 2002, p. 221-228

Informal care by relatives and friends is perceived to be the best option for people who need help to look after themselves at home. A survey of 55 people receiving informal care in Ireland revealed that over two-thirds received assistance with household chores, 42% with personal care, and 31% with dressing and undressing. While most were very satisfied with the quality of care, a minority reported signs of anger and frustration on the part of their carer. Common concerns related to the health of the carer, their safety when the carer was unavailable, and the cost of being cared for.

MANAGING HUMAN SERVICES IN A MARKET ENVIRONMENT: WHAT ROLE FOR SOCIAL WORKERS?

K Healy

British Journal of Social Work, vol. 32, 2002, p. 527-540

The introduction of market reforms to human services internationally is leading to reduced opportunities for social workers to become managers. Drawing on in-depth interviews with 34 managers in non-profit community services organisations in Australia, paper explores the tensions between the social justice principles that guide human services professions, such as social work, and the emerging contexts of social welfare management. The managers interviewed for this study were viewed by their peers as progressive, that is, as championing social justice values such as access, equity and social inclusion. Paper reports on their approaches to social welfare management and their perceptions of the threats and opportunities posed to progressive management practice in a climate of public sector reform.

SOCIAL WORK IN SOUTH AFRICA AT THE DAWN OF THE NEW MILLENNIUM

M Gray and F Mazibuko

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 11, 2002, p. 191-200

This paper examines recent developments in social policy in South Africa, and its implications for social work education and practice. It explores some of the challenges of combating social problems such as crime, AIDS and poverty. It also discusses the use of diverse social work methods such as advocacy, community development, empowerment, consultation, networking, action research and policy analysis.

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