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Welfare Reform on the Web (December 2002): Child Welfare - Overseas

CHILDREN'S SATISFACTION WITH OUT-OF-HOME CARE IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

P H Delfabbro, J. G. Barber and Y Bentham

Journal of Adolescence, vol. 25,2002, p.523-533

Reports on two studies which were undertaken to assess children's satisfaction with their placement experiences in South Australian alternative care. It compares those placed in residential groups with those in foster care.

COMPARISON OF CHILD BENEFIT PACKAGES IN 22 COUNTRIES

J. Bradshaw and N Finch

London: Department for Work and Pensions, 2002 (Research report; 174)

The UK comes seventh (equal to Belgium) in the league table of 22 countries. For the UK this is an improvement on a similar study in 1992, when it came seventh study of 15 countries. Concludes that child benefit packages vary within and between countries by family size and type, by earnings and by whether the comparison is made of the tax and cash benefit system only or includes housing and service costs and benefits. France, for example, comes well down the league table in its support for small families but is more generous to families with three or more children. The UK package, in contrast, benefits one child families relatively more generously.

DIFFERENTIAL EFFECTS OF HIGH - QUALITY CHILD CARE

J. Hill, J. Waldfogel and J Brooks-Gunn.

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol. 21, 2002, p. 601-627

Study examines the effects of access to high quality child care for at risk children who would otherwise have received no non-maternal care, home-based non-maternal care or centre-based care. Results of a randomised controlled trial which provided vulnerable children with intensive centre-based care show that children participating in the first two types of care would have gained the most from high-quality centre-based care and would have consistently retained the bulk of these benefits over time.

SOCIETAL VALUE AND THE FUNDING OF KINSHIP CARE

A. E. Schwartz

Social Service Review, vol. 76, 2002, p. 430-459

Growing numbers of children in the USA are living with relatives. However federal and state policies often provide kin caregivers with less public financial support than nonkin caregivers. This undervaluing of caregivers and children from the most vulnerable sections of society leads to concern about societal commitment to child well-being in general.

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