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Welfare Reform on the Web (December 2002): Welfare State - Overseas

THE DISTRIBUTION OF PUBLIC SOCIAL EXPENDITURE IN SPAIN: A GENERAL ANALYSIS WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO AGE AND SOCIAL CLASS

J. Calero

Social Policy & Administration, vol. 36, 2002, p. 443-464

This paper attempts both a general analysis of the distribution of social expenditure in Spain and distinguishes the redistributive effects caused by age differences from those caused by differences between social groups.

FRENCH WORKERS RALLY TO DEFEND PUBLIC SERVICES

C. Breinner

The Times, Oct. 4th 2002, p.16

More than 60,000 workers from the French public sector marched in central Paris yesterday against plans by the new centre-right government for more privatisation.

HOW THE EUROPEAN UNION KEEPS THE SOCIAL WELFARE DEBATE ON TRACK: A LAWYER'S VIEW OF THE EU INSTRUMENTS AIMED AT COMBATING SOCIAL EXCLUSION

P. Shoukens

European Journal of Social Security, vol. 4, 2002, p. 117-150

Article begins by attempting to produce a legal definition of social exclusion. It then investigates whether there have been any dramatic changes in the competencies of the EU to act in this field since the Treaty of Amsterdam came into force. The open method of co-ordination, the Treaty of Nice and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights are assessed from the point of view of their potential for combating social exclusion.

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