R J Struyk
Public Administration and Development, vol. 22, 2002, p.429-437
Finds that local governments in Croatia and central European transition states are the only ones contracting out social services to non profit organisations (NPOs). Reluctance in other countries to contract out social services may be due to:
P England, M Budig and N Folbre
Social Problems, vol. 49, 2002, p.455-473
Paper examines the relative pay of occupations involving care, such as teaching, counselling, providing health services or looking after children. Paper provides evidence based on panel data from the US National Longitudinal Survey of Youth showing that people working in these occupations face a relative wage penalty. This means that people involved in care work receive, on average, lower hourly pay than would be expected based on their qualifications and the skill demands of the jobs.