I Lurie and N M Riccucci
Administration and Society, vol. 34, 2003, p.653-677
Prior to the enactment of the Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) block grant, US welfare offices focused their efforts on providing cash assistance to claimants. The TANF programme requires them to treat getting claimants into work as their top priority. Article uses data from a sample of state and local welfare offices to explore the extent to which, and how, welfare organisations are seeking to change their culture, or, if not their culture, at least some of the structures and processes of the welfare system.
K Lin and M Rantalaiho
International Journal of Social Welfare, vol. 12, 2003, p.2-13
Article compares the family policies of two Scandinavian and three Confucian Asian countries, focusing on child benefit schemes and parental leave. In Scandinavia, children are considered as individual citizens with rights, not as family assets. They have the right to state welfare support and their care and maintenance is subsidized by the state. In Confucian Asia, children are considered to be family assets and their care and maintenance is a family matter. However various policy measures have been adopted to "empower" family carers.
Journal of Social Policy, vol. 32, 2003, p.19-35
In 1996 the AFDC (Aid to Families with Dependent Children) programme was replaced by TANF (Temporary Assistance to Needy Families). Recipients can receive TANF cash benefits for only two years before being required to engage in some kind of work-related activity. They can engage in education or training for a further three years but this marks the end of their entitlement to assistance. The thinking behind the reform is that those who fail in their duty to work forfeit their rights as citizens to government support.
International Social Security Review, vol. 56, no. 1, 2003, p.53-74
Author presents figures relating to actual and future social protection expenditure in European Union countries, disaggregated according to function and showing significant differences between gross and net figures. Also deals with the coverage and replacement rates of social benefits and the availability of social infrastructures. Concludes by presenting a trade union view of the future of social protection in Europe.