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Welfare Reform on the Web (July 2003): Social Housing - Overseas

THE END OF PUBLIC HOUSING AS WE KNOW IT: PUBLIC HOUSING POLICY, LABOR REGULATION AND THE US CITY

J. R. Crump

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 27, 2003, p.179-187

Discusses the impact of the Quality Housing and Work Responsibility Act 1998 on social housing in the USA. The Act allows for the demolition of social housing and the provision of vouchers to facilitate the movement of tenants to the private sector. It stipulates that demolished public housing must be replaced only by mixed-income developments and introduces work requirements for tenants that link continued housing assistance to employment. Author argues that a major goal of the Act is to force public housing tenants into private housing and to facilitate their employment in low-wage jobs.

(For comment see International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 27, 2003 p 188-195).

REASSERTING THE "SOCIAL" IN SOCIAL RENTED HOUSING: POLITICS, HOUSING POLICY AND HOUSING REFORMS IN NEW ZEALAND

L. Murphy

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol. 27, 2003, p.90-101

Housing policy in New Zealand was radically reformed in the 1990s to promote market principles in the state sector. In 1992 the public housing stock was transferred to a crown owned company charged with making profits, and market rents were introduced from 1993. The government withdrew from its traditional role as a provider of mortgage finance and accommodation and confined itself to providing low income households with financial help with housing costs. These reforms were partially reversed in 1999-2000 through the reintroduction of income-related rents in social housing and the removal of any reference to profit generation from the objectives of Housing New Zealand.

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