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Welfare Reform on the Web (July 2003): Welfare State - Overseas

NEOLIBERALISM AND PUBLIC SERVICE REFORM: CANADA IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

D. Clark

Canadian Journal of Political Science, vol. 35, 2002, p. 771-793

Article investigates the impact of neoliberalism on state social welfare services in Canada, France and the UK. It focuses on the neoliberal principles of deficit reduction or elimination, managing reduced programme spending, and service marketisation. Highlights the roles of political, administrative and judicial elites in filtering the reception of new ideas in an era of neoliberal globalisation.

REASSESSING THE "RACE TO THE BOTTOM" IN STATE WELFARE POLICY

W. D. Berry, R. C. Fooding and R. L. Hanson

Journal of Politics, vol. 65, 2003, p. 327-349

The Migration Hypothesis predicts that poor persons will migrate from states with low welfare benefits to those with more generous assistance. The associated Magnet Hypothesis postulates that when a US state's welfare benefits grow relative to its neighbours its poverty rate will also rise as it attracts poor persons from other states. Finally, the Benefit Competition Hypothesis predicts that states will compete to offer the least generous welfare packages in order to deter poor people from moving to their state. Using pooled annual data for the American states from 1960 to 1990, study found that a state's poverty rate does not in fact jump when its welfare benefits are more generous than those of its neighbours. Also found no vigorous benefits competition between states.

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