Times, June 16th 1999, p.20.
Argues that it is unrealistic to try to prevent teenagers from having sex. Government should concentrate instead on preventing unwanted pregnancies through easier access to improved contraceptive services.
Guardian, June 1st 1999, p.8
Describes scheme being piloted in Cambridgeshire that allows parents to feed their personal details and child care requirements into an online system, which then prints our information about local nurseries, play groups, child minders and nannies, together with availability.
Results of a survey show that child care provision for under-eight-year-olds has improved since 1998 but gaps still exist. Those excluded through cost or lack of provision include low income families, students and shift workers.
F. Abrams and A. Grice
Independent, June 23rd 1999, p.10
Tony Blair has threatened the Child Support Agency with privatisation if planned reforms fail to bring in more money from absentee fathers. It has been suggested that collection of late payments could be outsourced to private security firms or the Inland Revenue.
Community Practitioner, vol.72, 1999, p.162-165
Paper explains why the government has been convinced that a policy to reduce inequalities in health and social exclusion must begin with infants and families. It outlines some of the evidence that shows the most effective early interventions to be multi-faceted and community-based. Finally some of the issues that arose when health visitors tried to identify outcomes from their service are revisited to consider potential difficulties in evaluating Sure Start.
Young People Now, June 1999, p.22-23
Reports results of research on three LEA-funded early intervention projects in Peterborough. The projects were all targeted at disaffected young people aged 11-14 at risk of exclusion. Study examined the conditions for successful youth work intervention in such circumstances. Concludes that youth work can make a distinctive contribution to work with disaffected young people in schools if key organisational arrangements are in place.
Better Regulation Task Force
Report examines methods for ascertaining whether potential staff are fit to work with children or vulnerable people. The Task Force recommends:
Guardian, June 16th 1999, p.18
Argues that teenage pregnancies would be effectively cut by intensive sex education and easier access to contraception. Girls yet pregnant through ignorance, lack of sex education and the difficulty of getting access to contraception. Young people need access to friendly walk-in clinics and intensive sex education from a young age.
National Youth Agency
Paper explores the place of specialised youth work within broader services for young people and argues the need for a minimum standard of provision and coherent local arrangements to help young people with their transitions to adult life and to promote their social inclusion.
T. Burke, J. Hand and L. McFall
Nottingham: DfEE Publications, 1999
Highlights how youth work raises young people's achievements and contributes to the key government agenda of promoting social inclusion. Features ten case histories of projects that are making an impact and explores the reasons for their success.
Department of Social Security
London: TSO, 1999 (Cm 4349)
Main points of the reform of the Child Support Agency are:
(For comment see Daily Telegraph, July 2nd 1999, p.2; Times, July 2nd 1999, p.12; Independent, July 2nd 1999, p.9; Guardian, July 2nd 1999, p.6)
Community Practitioner, Vol.72, 1999, p.155-156
Outlines the government's strategy for alleviating child poverty, and considers the part that health visitors could play.
Community Care, no.1275, 1999, p.23
Introduces the new Post-Qualifying Award in Child Care. This is the first post-qualifying award based on national occupational standards, which are meant to underpin the Quality Protects agenda and meet the goals that the government expects every social services department to deliver.
Independent, June 9th 1999, P.7.
Reports the launch of ParentLine, a national telephone helpline for worried parents. This was one of 30 family friendly initiatives announced to accompany publication of responses to proposals in a government consultation document "Supporting Families".
Social Exclusion Unit
London: TSO, 1999 (Cm 4342)
In order to cut the high rate of teenage pregnancies in Britain, report proposes:
(For comment see Times, June 15th 1999, p.12; Guardian, June 15th 1999, p.11; Independent, June 15th 1999, p.6; Daily Telegraph, June 15th 1999, p.8)
S. Petrie and K. Wilson
Social Policy and Administration, vol.33, 1999, p.181-196
Argue that the philosophies of the market place are flawed when applied to children's services. Markets are predicated upon the idea of competition between providers, in which poor quality providers are forced out of the market and good quality providers remain. Such thinking is unsuitable for the provision of children's services. Children's needs are best met by care which is sustainable and consistent, and it is essential that such care is planned strategically, developed flexibly, adapted and supported over a period. Relational contracting is one way of supporting such developments. However, under the present system, the kind of approach currently adopted by many local authorities seems destined rather to force good committed providers out of the market altogether.
J. Bamber and H. Murphy
Journal of Youth Studies, vol.2, 1999, p.227-242
Paper seeks to explain what is meant by a critical youth work practice and to show how this can be achieved by youth workers in their everyday situations. Argues that the essential components of social education (mutual trust and respect, power and purposeful learning) can be extended into the sphere of social action by linking the personal with the political. According to the three stage model presented, empowerment begins when a group of young people are encouraged by youth workers to make statements about their social reality. This leads to a second stage involving enlightenment, which, in turn, leads to a third concerning action.