Development in Practice, vol.13, 2003, p.380-387
Case studies presented show that community development in Malawi is essentially a rural phenomenon. It has been used by the government to improve rural living conditions through the creation of a social service infrastructure. The participation of villagers in community projects depends on:
City, vol.7, 2003, p.95-105
The US federal Empowerment Zone initiative has been in operation since 1994 and is designed to facilitate regeneration through economic development combined with community involvement. In the Chicago Empowerment Zone, community involvement in initial strategy development was high, but this inclusive approach was not carried forward to the implementation phase. This failure was due in part to the City's determination to keep control of key aspects of political and institutional infrastructure, and to historic divisions between the community groups themselves.