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Welfare Reform on the Web (November 2003): Child Welfare - Overseas

CHILD PROTECTIVE INTERVENTION IN THE CONTEXT OF WELFARE REFORM: THE EFFECTS OF WORK AND WELFARE ON MALTREATMENT REPORTS

K.S. Slack and others

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol.22, 2003, p.517-536

Study investigated the relationship between employment, welfare use and subsequent child protection service involvement using data on 1998 welfare recipients in nine Illinois counties in conjunction with administrative data on cash welfare benefits, employment and child abuse reports. Findings suggest that welfare use in the absence of employment is associated with greater risk of child abuse reports, compared to those who leave welfare without work, those who work without welfare, and those who combine both work and welfare.

CHILDREN'S RIGHTS IN THE CONSTITUTION FOR EUROPE

M. Schuurman

ChildRight, no.199, 2003, p.10-11

For the first time in the history of the European Union (EU), children's rights have been recognised in the draft treaty establishing a constitution for Europe. The text of the constitution includes the protection of children's rights as one of the internal and external objectives of the EU. The inclusion of children's rights as an objective of the EU will finally ensure that they are no longer invisible but are properly recognised as European citizens.

HOW WELFARE REFORM AFFECTS YOUNG CHILDREN: EXPERIMENTAL FINDINGS FROM CONNECTICUT: A RESEARCH NOTE

S. Loeb and others

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, vol.22, 2003, p.537-550

Children of mothers who entered Connecticut's Jobs First programme, an initiative with strict 21-month time limits and work incentives, displayed moderate advantages in early learning compared to those in a control group. Study assesses four possible mediators for this effect: changes in earned and total income, participation in programme components designed to raise the mother's human capital, parenting practices and use of non-parental child care. Mothers in the programme were more likely to be employed, have higher incomes, have more children's books in the home, and take their children to libraries and museums more often, but were less likely to be married. However, none of these factors mediated the overall effect of the intervention.

IMPLEMENTING THE UNITED NATIONS CONVENTION ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD: THE CANADIAN EXPERIENCE

K.-L. Tang

International Social Work, vol.46, 2003, p.277-288

Canada signed up to the Convention on the Rights of the Child in 1991 after playing a leading role in the drafting process. Article goes on to discuss two contentious issues which sparked opposition to the Convention: corporal punishment of children and the rights polls conducted by Elections Canada in 1999.

PROMOTING LATINO CHILD AND FAMILY WELFARE: STRATEGIES FOR STRENGTHENING THE CHILD WELFARE SYSTEM

R. E. Zambrana and D. Capello

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.25, 2003, p.755-780

Three major methods were used to summarise knowledge of Latino child welfare in the USA. A literature review was conducted from 1970 to the present on minority children, Latino children and child welfare. Available national and state level data on the social and economic profile of Latinos and child welfare statistics were compiled for Puerto Rico and the six North Eastern states with the highest Latino concentrations. Finally, state and local child welfare reports, memos and relevant unpublished documents were reviewed. The data show that Latino children, especially Puerto Rican children due to their high poverty rates, are more likely to be removed from their homes, are less likely to be from families that obtain bilingual and bicultural services, and are less likely to receive comprehensive restorative intervention services.

SERVING HIGH-RISK CHILDREN: RECRUITING THROUGH STUDENT LOAN FORGIVENESS

S. H. Rome

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 25, 2003, p.805-821

In the early 1990s, the US Congress enacted legislation allowing certain recipients of student financial aid to have their loan debts cancelled if they:

  • became full-time employees of a child and family service agency in a low-income community; or
  • provided early intervention services to infants and toddlers with disabilities.

The legislation was designed to remedy staff shortages by bolstering recruitment of new professionals to agencies serving high-risk families. Article investigates use of these incentives and the effectiveness of the programme.

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