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Welfare Reform on the Web (January 2004): Social Care - Overseas

COMMODIFIED CARE WORK IN EUROPEAN LABOUR MARKETS

C. Ungerson

European Societies, vol.5 number 4, 2003, p 377-396

The article considers the reasons for the commodification of care work. European countries and the United States have developed forms of care delivery which allow the care users to receive cash instead of care services. The cash can be used to purchase care services directly as commodities. The paper uses empirical data from five countries to outline the ways in which commodified care impacts the labour market.

THE ITALIAN JOB

P. Gosling

Community Care, Dec 4th-10th 2003, p.23-33

Social co-operatives in Italy provide a range of welfare services for people isolated from society, such as drug addicts, released prisoners and the long term unemployed. Services provided include job creation schemes, hostels for abused children, family therapy centres and child care facilities. Social co-operatives are not-for-profit businesses run by paid staff, volunteers and users, and offer an alternative to public services.

RETHINKING THE POLICY OF CONTRACTING OUT SOCIAL SERVICES TO NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS

H. Schmid

Public Management Review, Vol. 5(3) September 2003, p.308-323

The article examines the effects of contracting out Government services to non-governmental organisations in Israel, focusing particularly on home care, foster care and adoption services. It begins by summarising the impact the changes have had on the Government, the provider organisations and the client, before considering any flaws in the system. The article concludes that it is necessary to rethink the contracting out strategy and reassess the role of the government in providing social services.

VARIETIES OF FAMILIALISM: THE CARING FUNCTION OF THE FAMILY IN COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

S. Leitner

European Societies, Vol.5, 2003, p353 - 375

The article focuses on the caring function of the family in relation to children and the elderly. It aims to develop a gender-sensitive theoretical concept of familialism - the caring function of the family. Four ideal types of familialism are distinguished and care policies in EU member states are classified accordingly. The article offers an empirical analysis of paid parental leave in nine EU member states as an example of gendered and de-gendered variants of familialism.

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