International Social Work, vol.47, 2004, p.81-94
South Africa lacks an institutional welfare system and suffers from major social inequalities. Since the fall of Apartheid in 1994 the government has completely redesigned the welfare system along social developmental lines. In this context, social work has moved away from individual casework towards community empowerment.
International Social Work, vol.47, 2004, p.95-107
Article traces the development of social work as a profession in Russia after the fall of communism. Russian social workers today are eager to participate in international exchange programmes and to develop the skills necessary to obtain resources.
J. Burke and B. Ngonyani
International Social Work, vol.47, 2004, p.39-52
In the past the tribe, clan and family systems met welfare needs within the community. However, urbanisation, urban migration and formal education have weakened the traditional safety net. This has necessitated welfare intervention external to the tribe and family. A social work vision for Tanzania could build on its past socialist ideals of unity and people centred development. The small, under-resourced social work profession could combine forces with similar professions using the process of critical reflexivity. The indigenisation of Western social work methods should continue, with particular emphasis on group and community values. Strategies such as networking, forming regional reflection groups and coalition building could legitimise marginalised voices at all levels from small groups to cross-national co-operation.