Sociological Spectrum, vol.24, 2004, p.93-124
Using data from a 1999 survey of former West Virginia welfare recipients, research examines the socio-economic well-being of needy parents approximately one year after their leaving the system. Findings include:
It is clear that not all former welfare recipients are likely to improve their financial status or move towards self-sufficiency.
E. Dahl and T. Lorentzen
European Sociological Review, Vol. 19, 2003, p.519-536
The article considers why some Norwegian social assistance recipients move on to work while others remain on benefit. It examines the exit-to-work pattern of the 1995 entry cohort of social assistance recipients, and looks at how these rates are affected by time, sex, age, education and ethnicity, as well as by unobserved heterogeneity estimated by mass point method developed by Heckman and Singer. It concludes that the exit to work pattern is affected by demand for labour, as well as individual behaviours and characteristics, weakening the argument that the longer individuals continue claiming benefit, the less likely they are to become self sufficient.
K.V. Byers and M. A. Pirog
Public Budgeting and Finance, vol.23, Winter 2003, p.86-107
Indiana's township trustee system provides a case study of how local governments respond to welfare reform. Article looks at how those leaving welfare in Indiana are using the township trustee system, the state's general assistance programme providing poor relief, to meet their basic needs, as well as how the trustees have responded to welfare reform.
European Sociological Review, Vol. 19, 2003, p.429-449
The article examines the effects of employment protection legislation (EPL) on job mobility and status attainment among young people entering the labour market. It compares the tightly relegated Southern European labour market with the more flexible Scandinavian-like system whilst tracking the progress of young people entering their first significant job after leaving school. It discovers that although EPL creates greater job stability, this restricts mobility in the job market, reducing opportunity levels in external labour markets and making it much harder for young people to develop and achieve their full potential.