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Welfare Reform on the Web (May 2004): Child Welfare - Overseas

CHILDREN'S LIVING ARRANGEMENTS FROM A SOCIAL POLICY IMPLEMENTATION PERSPECTIVE

R. Jagannathan

Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 26, 2004, p.121-141

The study used data from the survey of Income and Program Participation for the years 1984-1993 to explore how US state policies on divorce, child support enforcement and AFDC (Aid for Families with Dependent Children) influenced children's living arrangements. Results showed that stronger child support enforcement lowered the probability of children living in non-traditional families for both black and white youngsters. In addition, for black children, high AFDC benefits were found to foster single mother households.

CONTROVERSIES, CHANCES AND CHALLENGES: REFLECTIONS ON THE QUALITY DEBATE IN GERMANY

P. Oberhuemer

Early Years, Vol. 24, 2004, p.9-21

Professional discourse on the quality of early education and care systems invariably centres around the issues of access, programme quality, staff training and evaluation. The author explores how these issues are currently being debated in Germany.

CRITICAL ISSUES IN CHILD WELFARE

J. Sherman

New York: Columbia University Press, 2004

What role can and should social work play in child welfare services? Responding to what many consider a crisis in the child welfare system this book is a comprehensive overview of the policies, programs, and practices that define the field, with an emphasis on the role of social work. The author looks at the community context of child welfare, noting changes over time, and the role of social work in development of services to children and families. The book surveys core services, including supportive services to families, child protection, foster care and other out-of-home care, adoption, and services to at-risk youth. Each chapter concludes with a section identifying and exploring a critical issue in child welfare services, such as family violence, permanency planning, racism in the system, child care, and the recruitment, education, and retention of child welfare workers.

"YOU HAVE TO PUSH IT - WHO'S GONNA RAISE YOUR KIDS?": SITUATING CHILD CARE AND CHILD CARE SUBSIDY USE IN THE DAILY ROUTINES OF LOWER INCOME FAMILIES

E. D. Lowe and T. S. Weisner

Children and Youth Services Review, Vol. 26, 2004, p.143-171

The study sought to understand the factors which can lead to differential use of child care subsidies by low income parents. It presents evidence regarding the child care choices of 38 low-income families in Milwaukee, Wis. The data summarised in the article help to account for the low and episodic patterns of child care subsidy use among the working poor. The authors conclude that child care subsidy programmes could be more effective if they offered greater flexibility and a range of options better fitted to the daily routines of low-income families.

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