G. Randall and S. Brown
York: York Publishing Services, 1999
Study examines a range of specialist employment training projects for homeless young people in London. Common problems were a history of erratic school attendance, chaotic lifestyles, and poor experiences of previous training schemes. The young people's housing problems further damaged their job prospects. High rents, paid for by Housing Benefit, were found to act as a major work disincentive because of phased withdrawal of the benefit from those in employment.
London: National Housing Federation, 1999
Features case studies of five housing associations which have been working to create, or train for, sustainable career jobs. They include self-build, New Deal, local labour in construction, foyer and youth-build schemes from around the country.
E. Ogbonna and M. Noon
International Journal of Manpower, vol. 20, 1999, p. 165-178
Paper begins by discussing ethnic minority disadvantage in the labour market. Then describes the framework within which government training is provided in the UK in an attempt to locate the New Deal initiative. Finally, presents an assessment of the potential for the new initiative to improve the employment prospects of unemployed people from ethnic minorities.
Youth and Policy, no. 64, 1999, p. 15-27
Argues that the New Deal, with its sanctions for non-compliance, is being used by the government as a means of social control to discipline disadvantaged and excluded young people. Proposes an alternative approach in which no-one would be compelled to work and everyone would receive an unconditional basic income by virtue of their status as citizens.
London: 1999 (The modernisation of Britain's tax and benefit system: no. 4)
Paper shows how differences in people's access to work and opportunities to progress up the earnings ladder are major sources of inequality. Examines the critical role of education in shaping people's adult opportunities, the impact of childhood disadvantage on children's educational opportunities, and the pattern of childhood disadvantage in Britain today. Shows how unemployment, low pay and changes in people's family life can affect people's subsequent success in the labour market, and the importance of early intervention after these scarring events to keep people connected with the labour market.
Prince's Trust, Employment Policy Institute and Institute of Personnel and Development
Results show a fundamental expectations gap among both employers and New Dealers. Employers feel let down by the calibre of recruits, and young people are disappointed that they are not given greater opportunities to improve their skills and employability. Employers appear to be reneging on their obligation to provide training for young people in exchange for a government wage subsidy. One third of employers in the survey reported that no training was being provided for New Dealers, with 21% saying that no training was planned.