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Welfare Reform on the Web (November 2004): Services for the Disabled - Overseas

COMMUNITY-BASED REHABILITATION: A RAPIDLY GROWING METHOD FOR SUPPORTING PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES

E. Lightfoot

International Social Work, Vol.47, 2004, p.455-468

Community-based rehabilitation has been proposed by the World Health Organisation as an appropriate model for developing countries to provide basic services to their disabled citizens. The model involves recruiting local workers to train the families of disabled people in basic rehabilitation techniques and provide them with information and support.

DISABILITY AND EMPLOYMENT IN THE USA: THE QUEST FOR BEST PRACTICE

S.J. Smits

Disability & Society, Vol.19, 2004, p.647-662

The article considers the extent to which people with disabilities enter into and sustain meaningful employment, and the support they are given through public policy and national infrastructure. A study exploring "best practices" in the provision of rehabilitation and employment services to persons with disabilities in the Georgia Department of Labour is used to trace progress following the Americans with Disabilities Act and the Workforce Investment Act. Results show that although the legislation is supported by infrastructure components designed to extend knowledge, train professional service delivery personnel, and provide customised services, service delivery is influenced by a number of factors. The article concludes by arguing for service improvements through the study and promulgation of "best practices".

DISABILITY AND LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION IN IRELAND

B. Gannon and B. Nolan

The Economic and Social Review, Vol.35, 2004, p.135-155

The article examines the extent to which disability affects labour force participation using data from the Living in Ireland survey 2000 and the Quarterly Household Survey Disability Module 2002. Results show that people reporting a severely limiting disability are much less likely to participate in the workforce than others, regardless of age, education and marital status.

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