International Review of Administrative Sciences, vol.70, 2004, p.673-684
Community building is an important facet of urbanisation in China. However it is being obstructed by the hukou system which classifies citizens as either urban or rural. Urban citizens enjoy privileges on schooling, social welfare, etc which are denied to rural households. Moreover there are few prospects of transforming a rural hukou into an urban one, blocking upward mobility. Many people with a rural hukou who have migrated to the cities are being denied the right to participate fully in the community. Author calls for the abolition of the hukou system so that all citizens can participate fully in public policy-making.
E. Berner and B. Phillips
Community Development Journal, vol.40, 2005, p.17-29
There is a view that, if properly empowered, or at least enabled, the poor can lift themselves out of poverty by their own efforts without redistribution of resources. Authors suggest that this self-help approach has become popular with governments and financial institutions because it justifies cutting subsidies and transfers.
Housing Studies, vol.9, 2004, p.947-966
Paper reports findings of research into the representation of local interests in area-based urban regeneration programmes in Northern Ireland and Eire. The two case studies are contextualised by a review of the promotion of public participation in regeneration projects in both parts of Ireland and theorised as a site of interaction between state agencies and civil society. It is argued that the practice of participation is a hegemonic project, which, within urban regeneration, is operationalised through partnership structures. Concludes that many factors within and without the case study programmes affected their consultation processes. Therefore the design and implementation of regeneration programmes should be undertaken in the context of an understanding of the relationship between the state and civil society in the particular case.