P. Taylor-Gooby, T. Larsen and J. Kananen
Journal of Social Policy, vol.33, 2004, p.573-592
New Labour is seeking an approach whereby welfare policy supports rather than obstructs the operation of a market system and contributes to the economic goal of competitiveness in a more open national economy, but at the same time ensures that the needs of citizens are effectively met. Article reviews the background to this change of approach, considers its significance, describes policy in key areas and assesses its strengths and limitations. New Labour has achieved real success in mobilizing the workforce, broadening opportunities for women and reducing poverty. However the approach faces intractable problems in stimulating and regulating private providers of welfare, and limitations in the extent to which it is able to reduce poverty amongst working age adults not in the labour market.
The Guardian, Jan. 12th 2005, p.10
Poverty among childless adults of working age has grown to record levels since Tony Blair came to power in 1997, according to an independent analysis of Labour's performance by the Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Working adults without children have been left behind by Gordon Brown's tax and benefit reforms, said the study. Although many people had gained from rising living standards and falling unemployment, large numbers depended on benefits whose value had been frozen.
(See also Financial Times, Jan. 12th 2005, p.2)
J. Hills and K. Stewart
Bristol: Policy Press, 2005
The New Labour government has taken the eradication of poverty and social exclusion very seriously, recognising the wide range of problems faced by Britain in the mid-1990s. High profile targets have been set for the ending of child poverty and area-based disadvantage, but there are no targets for working-age poverty, for poverty of the population as a whole or for overall inequality. Child poverty has been reduced by the government's tax and benefit reforms and detailed analysis of family spending patterns suggests that higher incomes for parents are having a good effect. However, working-age adults without children have not been helped and poverty rates for this group reached record levels in 2002/03.
London: TSO, 2004 (Cm 6408)
The 2004 Pre-Budget report presents updated assessments and forecasts for the economy and public finances, reports on how the Government's policies are helping to deliver its long-term goals and describes the reforms the Government is considering ahead of budget 2005. The Pre-Budget report:
Public Finance, Jan. 21st-27th 2005, p.26-28
Discusses problems involved in measuring the returns, in terms of increased productivity or improved service quality, on the £25bn being invested in public services such as health and education by the Labour government.
The Daily Telegraph, Jan. 21st 2005, p.6
Hard-working middle class families are having fewer children than they did thirty years ago because they worry about money and they receive little assistance from the Government. Research from the Centre for Policy Studies claims that married working couples who earn average salaries are increasingly unlikely to have more than two children because they are financially stretched by the lack of benefits and tax incentives.
(See also The Times, Jan. 21st 2005, p.4)