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Welfare Reform on the Web (June 2005): Services for the Disabled - Overseas

Disability: definitions, value and identity

S. D. Edwards

Abingdon, Oxon: Radcliffe, 2005

What is disability? Why terminate a pregnancy when disabling traits are diagnosed in the foetus? Can disability be part of a person's identity? These are important questions in the current climate of increased pre-natal screening programmes designed to further reduce the numbers of children born with disabilities. This book looks at disablement from a philosophical perspective by examining these questions through a combination of critical review, discussion and narrative theory.

It takes two to tango: the integration of people with disabilities into society

L. van de Ven and others

Disability and Society, vol.20, 2005, p.311-329

Research used in-depth interviews with people with disabilities and members of their social networks to develop a model of integration. The model proposes that social integration has five elements: functioning ordinarily without receiving special attention, mixing with non-disabled people, taking part in society, realising potential and controlling one's own life. Achieving integration requires effort on the part of both the disabled person and society.

Mainstreaming community based rehabilitation in primary health care in Bosnia-Herzegovina

L. J. Edmonds

Disability and Society, vol.20. 2005, p.293-309

Community based rehabilitation (CBR) involves disabled people, their families and communities in providing services as close to home as possible. CBR is a community development strategy in which the community is mobilised to facilitate the empowerment and integration of disabled people. Article describes how the approach was introduced in Bosnia-Herzegovina during the civil war of the 1990s and has flourished ever since.

Personal assistance: direct payments or alternative public service. Does it matter for the promotion of user control?

O.P. Askheim

Disability and Society, vol.20, 2005, p.247-260

Personal assistance can either be purchased by disabled people themselves through a system of direct payments, or provided directly by local authorities. In this case local authorities have a greater influence on whether personal assistance should be given or not and how it should be organised. Article compares personal assistance provision in the USA, the UK, Sweden and Norway, exploring the factors that influence user control. For instance, even when personal assistance is purchased by a disabled person using direct payments, choice may be limited by the relative generosity of the payments and any restrictions placed on how they can be used.

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