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Welfare Reform on the Web (August 2005): Social Care - Overseas

Comparing faith-based and secular community service corporations in Pittsburgh and Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

K. Kearns, C. Park and L. Yankoski

Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Quarterly, vol.34, 2005, p.206-231

Some observers have suggested that some larger faith-based organisations (FBOs) in the USA have evolved into social service bureaucracies that are indistinguishable from their government and secular counterparts. If faith components have been diluted in the larger FBOs, there is a case that government funding should be targeted on smaller community-based congregations. Research shows that while large FBOs are indeed comparable to their secular counterparts on many dimensions such as size, management sophistication and resources, they retain many faith characteristics. These include extensive use of volunteers, reliance on religiously motivated donations, and the types of inter-organisational collaborations used to fulfil their missions.

Dilemmas of international social work: paradoxical processes in indigenisation, universalism and imperialism

M. Gray

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol.14, 2005, p.231-238

International social work is on the horns of a three-pronged dilemma. Cross-cultural dialogue and exchange is moulding new forms of social work (indigenisation). At the same time social work is trying to hold on to some form of common identity (universalism). However, efforts towards the internationalisation of social work are raising the spectre of Westernisation and imperialism. Article suggests that culture can play an important role in enabling indigenisation and retaining universals while avoiding imperialism.

Global standards: promise and pitfalls for re-inscribing social work into civil society

V. Sewpaul

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol.14, 2005, p.210-217

Article addresses the possibilities and pitfalls of global standards for re-inscribing social work into civil society. The Global Standards document is rooted in radical, structural, humanitarian and postmodern approaches where there is a rejection of reductionist, logical-positivist rationality and of the language of managerialism. It emphasizes non-hierarchical power relations and the importance of inclusivity, especially inclusion of service users, human rights and social justice.

(See also the document itself, Global Standards for the Education and Training of the Social Work Profession by V. Sewpaul and D. Jones, International Journal of Social Work, vol.14, 2005, p.218-230)

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