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Welfare Reform on the Web (September 2005): Social Security - Overseas

Jobless or working poor in the Kyrgyz labour market: what role for social policy?

S. Bernabč and A. Kolev

Social Policy and Administration, vol.39, 2005, p.409-430

Analysis of data from the Kyrgyz Poverty Monitoring Survey 1997-98 enables the identification of the main groups most at risk of unemployment or of being trapped in low-paid, insecure jobs. Groups most at risk of exclusion from or within the labour market emerged as women, people with low educational attainment, disabled people, young people, internal migrants and people living in rural or depressed areas. Article concludes by briefly considering the implications of these findings for the design of an effective social protection system.

Nationalism, public policy and institutional development: social security in Belgium

D. Beland and A. Lecours

Journal of Public Policy, vol.25, 2005, p.265-285

Authors contend that social policy is likely to factor into processes of identity and nation building spearheaded by sub-state nationalism, and that nationalist movements within multi-ethnic or multilingual states typically trigger pressures for the decentralisation of social policy. However institutional obstacles can preclude convergence between social policy and ethno-territorial cleavages despite intense pressure. In Belgium, institutional structures and vested interests have prevented the decentralisation of social insurance schemes, despite intense pressure from Flemish nationalists.

Targeting social assistance in a transition economy: the Mahallas in Uzbekistan

J. Micklewright and S. Marnie

Social Policy and Administration, vol.39, 2005, p.431-447

Uzbekistan introduced a new social assistance scheme in 1994 administered by traditional pre-Soviet community groups, the "Mahallas". Using their local knowledge, these groups decide which are the most needy families in the community, and, within limits, how much support they deserve. Household survey data are used to assess the scheme's success in targeting the most vulnerable households, using a variety of indicators, including income, durable goods ownwrship, agricultural assets and anthropometric status of children.

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