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Welfare Reform on the Web (October 2005): Child Welfare - Overseas

Child welfare in the 21st century: a commentary

E.W. Sites

Journal of Children and Poverty, vol.11, 2005, p.169-175

Article examines, from a US viewpoint, the challenges faced by child welfare professionals, social workers and the public in addressing the needs of at-risk children and their families. Calls for all three groups to commit themselves to an all-out assault on poverty among families with children.

A difference-centred alternative to theorization of children’s citizenship rights

M. Moosa-Mitha

Citizenship Studies, vol.9, 2005, p.369-388

Current liberal theories of citizenship construct children as citizens in the making and therefore do not take their rights in this area seriously. This article argues for a difference-centred theory of children's citizenship rights by situating the analysis within feminist, gay, lesbian and transgendered theories of citizenship that are difference-centred. It discusses this difference-centred articulation of children's citizenship rights through an analysis of their rights of liberty and equality. It redefines their rights to liberty in relational terms that address their agency and acknowledge their presence as participating subjects in the multiple relationships in which they are involved. It also re-articulates their rights of equality as being the right to be treated as "differently equal" members of the public culture in which they are full participants.

The National breastfeeding policy in Nigeria: the working mother and the law

I.N.E. Worugji and S.J. Etuk

Health Care for Women International, vol.26, 2005, p.534-554

Authors conclude that the current legal framework in Nigeria is not in accord with contemporary international standards for the protection of pregnant women and new mothers in the workplace. It does not guarantee the freedom of the nursing mother to exclusively breast feed the child for at least six months as set out in the National Breastfeeding Policy. There is also no enabling law to back up the National Policy as it affects labour relations. Authors go on to suggest a legal framework for effective implementation of the National Breastfeeding Policy in the workplace.

The “production” of child care: how labor markets shape social policy and vice versa

K. J. Morgan

Social Politics, vol.12, 2005, p.243-263

This article examines child care policies in France, Sweden and the United States to explore the links between labour markets and social policy and to probe the applicability of the varieties of capitalism literature to the human services. In liberal market economies such as the USA, a low-skill, low-wage workforce has enabled private child care provision to develop, letting federal and state governments off having to subsidise such programmes. In the more co-ordinated market economies of Western Europe, higher labour market regulation, wages and rates of unionisation raise the cost of labour and inhibit the growth of private child care provision. As a result governments aiming to encourage women's employment and to ensure access to early years education feel obliged to provide extensive public subsidies for these services.

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