Click here to skip to content

Welfare Reform on the Web (February 2006): Care of the Elderly – Overseas

Ageing and vulnerable elderly people: European perspectives

E. Grundy

Ageing and Society, vol.26, 2006, p.105-134

Models of the ageing process are used to define vulnerable older people as those whose reserve capacity falls below the threshold needed to cope with the challenges they face. Compensatory supports may intervene to mitigate the effects of challenges and to rebuild reserve. Policy initiatives to reduce vulnerability can focus on each part of the process that creates vulnerability, namely ensuring that people reach later life with a 'reserve', reducing challenges they face in later life and providing adequate compensatory supports. The promotion through the life course of healthy lifestyles and the acquisition of coping skills, strong family and social ties, active interests, and savings and assets will develop reserves and ensure that they are strong in later life. Interventions to develop compensatory supports include access to good acute care and rehabilitation when needed, substitute professional social and psychological help in times of crisis, long-term help and income support.

Analyses in the economics of aging

D. A. Wise (editor)

London: University of Chicago, 2005

The book presents new research on several topics pertaining to the economic aspects of aging, such as retirement savings, the cost and efficiency of medical resources, and the predictors of health events. It includes comparative studies on savings behaviour in Italy, the Netherlands, and the United States; an examination of household savings among different age groups in Germany; and a chapter devoted to population aging in India.

Studies of the cost-effectiveness of social work services in aging: a review of the literature

V.M. Rizzo and J.M. Rowe

Research on Social Work Practice, vol.16, 2006, p.67-73

The population of the United States is rapidly ageing, creating increased demand for social work services. A comprehensive review of the research literature was conducted to identify what has been reported about the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of social work practice in ageing. Results suggest that social work interventions can have a positive effect on health care costs, use of health care services, and the quality of life of older Americans.

Search Welfare Reform on the Web