R. Johansson and K. Borell
Public Administration, vol. 77, 1999, p. 585-598
Paper gives an account of a major Swedish reform in the area of old-age care, whereby the boundaries between regional and local areas of responsibility for care of the elderly were displaced. By using a variety of control methods, central government was able to structure and steer the old-age implementation networks. The consequences of this central steering was different on different administrative levels: for country councils, the reform resulted in a specialisation for the core areas of primary health care and hospital treatment, whereas the municipalities had to diversify their areas of activity. Central government's steering took on less direct forms than the traditional ones, but were effective, especially since several mutually reinforcing control methods were combined.
R. B. Hudson
Social Service Review, vol. 73, 1999, p. 358-379
Article examines the interplay of old age and the public sector during the current period of welfare state retrenchment. Particular irony lies in the fact that privatisation proposals abound alongside indisputable evidence that the aggregate well-being of today's older people is to a significant degree the product of half a century's government action of their behalf.
A. Thompson and J. Hirst
Community Care, no. 1296, 1999, p. 20-23
Article looks at systems for the long-term care of the elderly in Denmark and Sweden, both of which are based on high levels of public funding from general taxation.