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Welfare Reform on the Web (March 2006): Child Welfare - Overseas

K.R. Humphrey, A.P. Turnbull and H.R. Turnbull

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.113-132

When the US Congress passed the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) in 1997, it intended to correct the problems of prolonged delays in placing a child removed from his family in permanent care and of alleged inappropriate return of children to biological parents. Article uses qualitative data collected from interviews with young people in out-of-home placements, their birth families, foster care providers, service providers and judges to investigate how ASFA affected children and their families. Participants believed that the Act shortened the time families were given to correct problems, encouraged judges to call for the termination of parental rights rather than reunification, and made service providers less inclined to help families.

C. Lawrence-Webb and L.J. Cornelius

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.212-226

Interstate Compact on the Placement of Children is the office responsible for arranging out-of-state placements for children with relatives, in facilities or in adoptive arrangements. Article explores the Office’s significance in child welfare in the USA.

C. Lawrence-Webb and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.292-305

Child welfare services in Maryland are currently provided by a government agency which is perceived as deficient in providing permanent placements for children in public care. As a result, the State is conducting a five-year comparative research study evaluating the performance of a private agency in comparison to the current government child welfare service delivery system. This paper highlights the organizational and implementation aspects of the study.

W.H. Barton and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.275-291

In the context of increased outsourcing of services, this study investigated the relationship between a Midwestern State’s Child Welfare Agency and its private sector contractors from the latter’s point of view. The relationship was found to be generally positive. Few providers had considered discontinuing their services due to problems with the Agency and they were particularly satisfied with their Agency liaison officer. Problems cited centred on communication issues and the timeliness of payments for their services.

V. Wong and S. Chiu

International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, vol.25, no.10/11 2005, p.14-36

Put simply, the goal of Confucianism is to create a peaceful world. Its ethical emphasis is placed on the cultivation of the self and the promotion of harmonious and respectful relations with other people. The Hong Kong government has sought to promote a commitment to traditional Confucian ethics among young people. These values include submission to authority, politics by consensus, elevation of obligations over rights and resilience in the face of adversity. Confucian ideals are used by the government to strengthen social control and the prevailing hierarchical social order.

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