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Welfare Reform on the Web (May 2006): Welfare State - Overseas

T. Schindlmayr

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol.15, 2006, p.181-184

Most government concern about intergenerational issues focuses on environmental and economic considerations. Concerns over the environmental conditions to be inherited by future generations are the basis for environmental policies in most countries. Recently, government attention has focused on an upcoming intergenerational conflict, where the younger generation will be unable to support an ageing population. The author argues that governments should focus more on the intergenerational transmission of social inequalities and of psychological problems where a country has been ravaged by conflict.

Y. Liu and F. Wu

Social Policy and Administration, vol.40, 2006, p.121-137

A new class of urban poor emerged in China in the 1990s during the transition from a command to a market economy. It consists of unemployed and laid-off workers, retirees from bankrupt enterprises and poor rural migrants. It is distinct from the traditional urban poor of the socialist era, which was characterised by the “three nos”: no relatives, no working capacity and no source of income. Article explores the mechanisms involved in the creation of this new urban poverty, focusing on the role of the state and institutional transition. It explores the impact of changing industrial structures, the reform of state owned enterprises and the welfare state, and the evolution of the hukou system.

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