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Welfare Reform on the Web (July 2006): Child welfare - overseas

Effective intervention in child protective services: learning from parents

S. Palmer, S. Maiter and S. Manji

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.812-824

Sixty-one parents in two Ontario cities were interviewed about their experiences with Child Protection Services (CPS). CPS workers were inadequately resourced for working with economically deprived and socially marginalised families and were operating within a legalistic, investigative framework set up by an ultra-conservative provincial government. These pressures appear to have caused some workers to abandon their social work knowledge and skills, and take on a more police-like role. However many workers were able to establish respectful and supportive relationships with parents and to work in partnership with them.

The meaning of permanency in child welfare: multiple stakeholder perspectives

M. Freundlich and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.741-760

This qualitative study explored how the concept of permanency is understood by the parents of children who had been or were currently in foster care, young people who had experienced foster care, adoptive parents and child welfare professionals. Results showed that the term permanency was not well understood and meant different things to different groups. Birth parents viewed permanency primarily in terms of their children returning to them, whereas many of the young adults defined permanency as not going home or as having a place of their own. Adoptive parents tended to view permanency in terms of long-term relationships and belonging. Child welfare professionals agreed that the term permanency and the permanency planning process erected obstacles to effective collaborative work with families to ensure that children returned home, lived with extended family or were adopted.

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