L. J. Turner, S. Danziger and K.S. Seefeldt
Social Science Quarterly, vol.87, 2006, p.227-249
Using a unique dataset that followed a panel of single mothers in Michigan from 1997 to 2003, the authors show that a small but growing number of women who were in receipt of welfare assistance in February 1997, shortly after the implementation of the 1996 welfare reform, failed to make a successful transition to work by Autumn 2003. About nine per cent were without work or cash welfare for at least 25 per cent of the 79 months and lived without another earner or unemployment insurance/workers’ compensation recipient for at least three of the five waves. Important correlates of becoming “chronically disconnected” from both employment and cash welfare include having a physical impairment, having a learning difficulty, having substance misuse problems, and having no access to a car.
Disability Rights Bulletin, Spring 2006, p.8-10
Welfare reform in Australia has recently focused on tightening eligibility for the Disability Support Pension, a benefit claimed by one in nine Australians between 50 and 64. The author argues that the success of the reform will depend on the kinds of enabling measures that accompany the more stringent eligibility requirements. Disabled people need help with overcoming the many barriers that prevent them from entering the labour market.