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Welfare Reform on the Web (August 2006): Welfare state - overseas

Migration, citizenship, and the European welfare state: a European dilemma

C-U. Schierup, P. Hansen and S. Castles

Oxford, OUP, 2006

The authors of this book define a contemporary European dilemma which “lies between an incipient contemporary ‘creed’, manifest in an emerging EU supranational social policy agenda committed to combating racialized exclusion, and a current realpolitik which may potentially disconnect the important link between social exclusion/inclusion and the more general question of citizenship and social welfare.” They have focused on issues of citizenship and welfare, immigration and asylum, economic restructuring and the contemporary ‘great exclusion’ that has turned processes of racialization into a major political battlefield and concern for public policy.

The origins and essence of US social policy: on taxonomies, time and transfer

N. Manning

Global Social Policy, vol.6, 2006, p.155-172

In this article two approaches to understanding US social policy are contrasted. The comparative view has placed the US in the context of other industrializing nations, where it has been seen as a reluctant or late welfare moderniser and subsequently as a welfare type of its own. In this case the key focus has been on the construction of welfare taxonomies. The historical view in contrast has attempted to understand US social policy on its own, but with a detailed appreciation of its uneven nature, and in particular the reasons for the developmental patterns that different parts of social policy have exhibited. In this case the key focus has been on the development of social policy over time. Finally, the consequences of these two analyses for understanding the way in which policies travel outside their country is reviewed.

The social economy and the American model: relating new social policy directions to the old

P. Graefe

Global Social Policy, vol.6, 2006, p.197-219

This article explores the different ways in which new ideas about the development of the social economy or third sector relate to the prevalent neoliberal welfare policies, using Quebec as a case study. Three different versions of the social economy figure in policy debates in Quebec. The women’s movement views the promotion of the social economy as a means of breaking with neoliberalism. On the other hand the Chantier de l’Economie Sociale takes the position that the social economy should form part of a plural or mixed economy of public service provision. Finally, mainline state ministries focuses on the application of market disciplines to the social economy and social enterprises, with a view to steering them towards delivering services efficiently and cost-effectively.

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