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Welfare reform on the Web (September 2006): Child welfare - Overseas

Improving health the Indian way

D. Allen

Community Practitioner, vol.79, 2006, p.210-211

Article describes the services provided by the Children in Need Institute and its ongoing work fighting child malnutrition in India.

Integrated services for families with multiple problems: obstacles to family reunification

J.C. Marsh and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol.28, 2006, p.1074-1087

Families with co-occurring problems such as substance abuse, mental illness, domestic violence and unstable housing are recognised as clients who have difficulty achieving positive outcomes in the child welfare system in the US. The current study focuses on a sample of 724 families with substance abuse problems enrolled in the Illinois Title IV-E Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Waiver Demonstration and explores whether it is necessary to go beyond assessment and service access to ensure families make progress in each co-occurring problem area in order to achieve reunification. The findings indicate that progress in resolving co-occurring problems does increase the likelihood of achieving family reunification. Thus the provision of child welfare services in isolation is insufficient.

Mothers at the service of the new poverty agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico’s conditional transfer programme

M. Molyneux

Social Policy and Administration, vol.40, 2006, p.425-449

This article considers some of the changes and continuities in social policy in Latin America through a focus on the ways in which women, particularly mothers, are positioned within the new anti-poverty programmes that have followed structural reform. It examines a flagship anti-poverty programme known as Oportunidades established in Mexico at the end of the 1990s. This programme aims to stop the intergenerational transmission of poverty by improving the life chances of disadvantaged children. Families selected for this programme are helped, through cash transfers, with the costs of keeping their children in school. The monthly cash transfers are primarily in the form of “scholarships” supplemented by additional money to improve nutrition where required. The practical functioning of the programme centres on mothers as key to improving the life chances of their children. It seeks to strengthen, through workshops and monitoring, the mothers’ responsibilities for children’s health and education and for improving children’s nutritional status.

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