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Welfare reform on the Web (February 2007): Social housing - Overseas

Housing assistance and employment: how far-reaching are the effects of rental subsidies?

T.C. Heintze and others

Social Service Review, vol.80, 2006, p.635-674

Rental housing assistance in the United States is provided to low-income households through two basic mechanisms: unit-based and tenant-based assistance. Unit-based assistance places low-income households in low-rent units owned by the government, non-profit or for-profit entities. Tenant based assistance provides households with vouchers or certificates to subsidise their housing. This research uses data from the National Survey of America’s Families to explore associations between rental housing assistance and employment among low-income, single mother households. Results suggest that receipt of assistance increases housing stability, which in turn has a positive effect on the likelihood of low-income single mothers being employed. The study also shows that unit- and tenant-based assistance are differentially associated with work hours among employed, low-income single mothers.

Privatising social housing in Taiwan

W.D.H. Li

International Journal of Social Welfare, vol.16, 2007, p.12-17

Three distinct forms of social housing provision in Taiwan can be distinguished, namely, state-led social housing, self-help social housing and marketised social housing. Under the state-led model, provision of affordable housing for purchase by low-income households is managed by local authorities. This model was prevalent until over-provision led to a slump in demand in the mid-1980s. The self-help social housing model provides financial assistance to poor farming families to enable them to build a house on land they already own. Under the marketised model, private builders construct social housing units under the oversight of the Board for Social Housing Construction. With government support, marketised social housing became the most important contributor to the stock of affordable dwellings from the 1990s.

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