Working Brief, issue 181, 2007, p.20-21
The Conservatives have recently started to use the term NEET (Not in Education, Employment or Training) to include all those between the ages of 16 and 24 who are not in work or education. This radically expands the age group to whom the concept applies. This article looks at the wider group, and how it has changed statistically since 1997, to examine how useful a NEET definition is. The author concludes that concentrating heavily on the success of the New Deal has led to insufficient attention being paid to other aspects of provision for young people. The opportunities available in the New Deal need to be opened up to claimants of other benefits, including Incapacity Benefit.
Working Brief, issue 181, 2007, p. 14-15
Responding to the New Labour government’s wish to devise a new welfare system, the author argues that any successor to the New Deals should be firmly geared to offering benefits claimants training that meets the needs of employers. There is no need to start a new system from scratch. Three existing programmes could be built on: Pathways to Work, which concentrates on Incapacity Benefit claimants, Employment Zones, which focus on a geographical cohort, and City Strategies.
Working Brief, issue 181, 2007, p. 18-19
Young people aged 16-17 who are not in full-time education, employment or training (NEET) remain a policy concern. It is estimated that around 220,000 young people fell into this group at the end of 2006. However, the NEET numbers refer to a complex group of young people, representing many sub-groups and a multitude of social backgrounds. NEET is an unhelpful label which encourages broad generic measures aimed at lowering overall numbers without addressing the underlying causes that lead young people to drift into this situation.
C. Hasluck and A.E. Green
Department for Work and Pensions, 2007 (Research report; no. 407)
This new report provides a review of evidence and meta-analysis of a range of Department for Work and Pensions welfare-to-work programmes to show what works best for different groups of claimants. The review covers the role of the Personal Adviser, the importance of claimant motivation and engagement with the programme, the central role of job search activity, the requirement for active engagement with employers, and the influence of the state of the labour market and the local institutional and policy context.