Click here to skip to content

Welfare Reform on the Web (June 2007): Community Regeneration and Development - Overseas

Community development and community renewal: tracing the workings of power

A. Ingamells

Community Development Journal, vol. 42, 2007, p. 237-250

The analyses in this paper offer some support to the assertion that community has been reinvented in corporate liberal regimes as a mechanism of governance. Favoured local groups are given more power than others over local agenda, and more powerful groups are encouraged to exercise surveillance over moralities, values and norms in their neighbourhood. These arguments are illustrated by examples of power struggles between groups involved in urban renewal projects in Tasmania and Queensland.

Social capital, neighbourhood attachment and participation in distressed urban areas: a case study in the Hague and Utrecht, the Netherlands

K. Dekker

Housing Studies, vol. 22, 2007, p. 355-379

This study aimed to gain insight into the importance of social capital and neighbourhood attachment in explaining community participation in deprived areas. Participation was defined broadly to include both formal and informal activities. Three dimensions of social capital were distinguished: social networks, trust and acceptance of deviant behaviour. Neighbourhood attachment was measured by two indicators: social attachment and spatial-emotional attachment. Results show participation to be greater for residents with local social networks, who reject deviant behaviour and who have a strong neighbourhood attachment. Trust in authorities was not found to have any significant impact on participation.

Social engineering of community building: examination of policy process and characteristics of community construction in China

Min Chung Yan and Jian Guo Gao

Community Development Journal, vol. 42, 2007, p. 222-236

In the mid-1980s the government of the People’s Republic of China launched a massive social engineering project designed to build community as a new social sector that could deal with the emerging social problems caused by rapid economic growth. It is argued that the goal of this project is not to recreate a Western model of civil society in China, but to reconfigure existing urban administrative structures to cope with new demands. By transforming local residents’ committees into social care providers, this programme is expected to ease the state’s welfare provision burden while maintaining its political control.

Starting where the people are: lessons on community development from a remote Aboriginal Australian setting

D. Campbell, P. Wunungmurra and H. Nyomba

Community Development Journal, vol. 42, 2007, p. 151-166

This paper outlines the challenges faced by the Northern Territories Department of Health and Community Services in implementing a community development process to address the issue of poor child growth in a remote Aboriginal community. The reluctance of White departmental health clinic staff to share control of decisions with Aboriginal participants, together with deeply embedded power inequalities, undermined the development process and the achievement of project objectives. Eventually, a group of community members, supported by the project team, addressed the issue with a community-owned strategy in opposition to the health professionals. This study raises questions about the capacity of government departments to practise community development.

Strengthening community-based organisations for the challenge of rural development

S. Opare

Community Development Journal, vol. 42, 2007, p. 251-264

Small, informal, community-based organisations in Ghana are increasingly assuming an important role in delivery of vital development programmes such are community water and sanitation schemes and micro credit provision. They are, however, prevented from offering a more diverse range of services by certain basic weaknesses. These could be overcome by leadership development, networking with both local and external organisations, and registration with an official public agency.

Search Welfare Reform on the Web