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Welfare Reform on the Web (October 2007): Child welfare - overseas

Civic engagement or token participation? Perceived impact of the citizen review panel initiative

V. Bryan and others

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 29, 2007, p. 1286-1300

State child welfare systems in recent years have increasingly been compelled to include citizen stakeholders in public policy evaluation. A key mechanism for increased citizen involvement has been the development of citizen review panels (CRPs) in the area of child protection services. Created through a 1996 amendment to he federal Child Abuse and Treatment Act (CAPTA), citizen review panels are mandated to evaluate state child welfare agencies and make recommendations for improvement. This article describes a statewide evaluative study of the work of the citizen review panel in a rural southern state.

Factors associated with exiting and re-entry into out-of-home care under community-based care in Florida

S. Yampolskaya, M.L. Armstrong and A.C. Vargo

Children and Youth Services Review, vol. 29, 2007, p. 1352-1367

One of the major goals of the US child welfare system emphasised by the Adoption and Safe Families Act (ASFA) has been to achieve permanency for children who have been taken into public care. In 1999 the State of Florida privatised the majority of its child welfare system in order to better meet ASFA requirements. Privatisation of the child welfare system in Florida is referred to as Community-Based Care (CBC). CBC is intended to utilise community supports and services, encourage community involvement, and achieve cost effectiveness. It is based on a lead agency model where a not-for-profit organisation is contracted to provide all foster care related services in a particular geographical region. This study aimed to assess the ability of Community-Based Care to meet ASFA permanency requirements for looked after children.

Intercountry adoption: not a stand alone policy

J. Smith

ChildRight, issue 239, 2007, p. 23-25

Countries such as India, China and Russia are increasingly turning to intercountry adoption to address the needs of huge numbers of orphaned and abandoned children. Although intercountry adoption is preferable to placing the children in an overcrowded orphanage in their own countries, it can have unintended adverse consequences. Expanding adoption may lead to increased child trafficking and laundering, and does not help the many orphaned and abandoned children who will be left behind in their home countries.

Practice frameworks: conceptual maps to guide interventions in child welfare

M. Connolly

British Journal of Social Work, vol.37, 2007, p. 825-837

This paper discusses the development of a practice framework for child welfare in New Zealand. A practice framework is defined as a conceptual map that brings together, in an accessible design, an agency's approach to social work practice with children and families. The New Zealand practice framework integrates three perspectives: child-centred; family-led and culturally responsive; and strengths and evidence-based. It establishes a vision for New Zealand child welfare work that is grounded in the realities of practice, supported by research and embedded in a set of principles and values that are essential to the work.

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