Economic report no. 4 September 2012: women and work
- Document type
- Corporate author(s)
- Trade Union Congress
- Date of publication
- 19 September 2012
- Economic Reports
- Trends: economic, social and technology trends affecting business, People management: all aspects of managing people
- Business and management
- Material type
This Economic Report looks at changes to women's employment since the turn of the century, paying special attention to what has happened since the recession. Key findings:
- The number of women in employment grew steadily from 2000 to 2012; women's employment rate rose until 2008, but then fell and was nearly the same level in 2012 as it had been in 2000.
- There have now been over one million women unemployed for two years.
- There have been over 300,000 women long-term unemployed since July 2011; while women's chances of being long-term unemployed have increased, the ratio of male long-term unemployment to female has been falling since before the recession.
- Women account for under a third of those in self-employment but over half the increase in self-employment since the recession.
- The number of women part-time workers who would prefer a full-time job is rising and the numbers who do not want a full-time job falling, for more than eight years.
- Women are a majority of underemployed workers; the number of underemployed women workers has risen by 40 per cent since 2008.
- The number of working age women classified as retired has been falling since the recession; this surprising result may be an effect of the raising of women's pension age.
Related to Trends: economic, social and technology trends affecting business
Downloadable briefing note looking at the relationship between productivity and pay growth
Downloadable paper on ensuring a fair future of work for women
Downloadable paper on how economic insecurity is experienced by workers
Downloadable briefing note on UK millennials, including pay and employment
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