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Detailed record for Stowe 16

Title Book of Hours, Use of Sarum
Origin England, S. E. (London)
Date c. 1410
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Scribe At least partly by Richard Wanton 'plenus amoris'.
Artists Attributed to Herman Scheerre (see Scott 1996 p. 111).
Decoration 1 small miniature, with decorated foliate initial and full foliate borders (f. 120). 3 preparatory drawings in ink for miniatures with decorated foliate initials and full foliate borders (ff. 128v, 147, 148v). 3 spaces for miniatures with decorated foliate initials and full foliate borders (ff. 131, 134, 145v). 1 large historiated initial with full foliate borders (f. 9). Large decorated foliate initials with full foliate borders (ff. 16, 32v, 35, 37v, 41v, 44, 48, 72, 106v, 144). Large decorated foliate initials with three-sided foliate borders (ff. 125v, 133, 136, 138). Smaller initials in gold with blue foliate pen-flourishing or in blue with red foliate pen-flourishing. Small initials in gold with blue pen-flourishing or in blue with red pen-flourishing or in red with blue pen-flourishing. Line-fillers decorated in red and blue. Decorated catchwords with hybrid creatures. 2 leaves with full foliate borders missing before f. 124 and after f. 118 (offprints).
Dimensions in mm 195 x 135 (100 x 65)
Official foliation ff. ii + 152 (+ 2 blank leaves after ff. 143 and 149; + 1 old parchment flyleaf after i, and 1 paper flyleaf at the end)
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. Red velvet; gilt edges.
Provenance 'Nomen scriptoris Richardus Wanton plenus amoris' (f. 2).
George Rotheram, 15th century: inscribed 'Pertinet iste liber Georgio Rotheram' (ff. 1, 150).
The calendar contains the following additions: obit of Henry VII, 21 April 1509 (f. 4v), obit of John Rotheram, 9 August 1492, and obit of Roger Rotheram, doctor of laws, 26 August 1477 (f. 6v, cf. f. 149v); the calendar also has an added note of St Fremund's fair at Dunstable in May (f. 5).
Roger Rotheram, 1477: inscribed 'Obitus magi(ste)r Rogeri Rothera(m) legii doctor qui obiit in Anno d(omi)ni Mo CCCCo septuagesimo septimo' (f. 149v).
Richard Thompson, Dean of Bristol, 1674: inscribed with his name (f. 1).
Walter Harte, 1686: added to the inscribed name of Richard Thompson 'He was dean of Bristol and dyed decon: an(no): 1685. I bought this and ye other m(anu)sc(ripts) of the dean's widow. Walter Harte: 1686' (f. 1); and inserted paper with an additional note by him (f. ii).
Richard Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1776, d. 1839), 1st duke of Buckingham and Chandos, of Stowe House, near Buckingham: inscribed with the press-mark 'Press 3 no. 4' (f. i), corresponding to his catalogue (O'Conor 1818-1819).
Richard Plantagenet Temple-Nugent-Brydges-Chandos-Grenville (b. 1797, d. 1861), 2nd duke of Buckingham and Chandos; sold in 1849 to Lord Ashburnham.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1797, d. 1878), 4th earl of Ashburnham, of Ashburnham Place, Sussex.
Bertram Ashburnham (b. 1840, d. 1913), 5th earl of Ashburnham: purchased by the British Museum from him together with 1084 other Stowe manuscripts in 1883.
Notes ff. 29r-v, 75r-v, 78r-v are medieval supply leaves and fill gaps in the text. ff. 71v, 150v, and 151 inscribed with prayers. ff. 1v-2 is a double leaf of a prayer in English.
Select bibliography Charles O'Conor, Bibliotheca Ms. Stowensis: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Manuscripts in the Stowe Library, 2 vols (Buckingham: Seeley, 1818-1819), II, 4-5.

Catalogue of the Stowe Manuscripts in the British Museum, 2 vols (London: British Museum, 1895-1896), I, no. 16.

Margaret Rickert, Painting in Britain: the Middle Ages, 2nd edn (London: Penguin Books, 1965), pp. 169-71.

D. R. Howlett, 'A St Albans Historical Miscellany of the Fifteenth Century', Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 69 (1974), 195-200 (p. 199).

Medieval Libraries of Great Britain: A List of Surviving Books ed. by N. R. Ker, Supplement to the Second Edition, ed. by Andrew G. Watson, Royal Historical Society Guides and Handbooks, 15 (London: The Royal Historical Society, 1987), p. 59.

Paul Oskar Kristeller, Iter Italicum: Accedunt Alia Itinera: A Finding List of Uncatalogued or Incompletely Catalogued Humanistic Manuscripts of the Renaissance in Italian and other Libraries 7 vols (London: Warburg Institute; Leiden: Brill, 1963-1997), IV (1989), 126.

C. Paul Christianson, A Director of London Stationers and Book Artisans 1300-1500 (New York: Bibliographical Society of America, 1990), pp. 157-58.

Emil J. Polak, Medieval and Renaissance Letter Treatises and Form Letters: A Census of Manuscripts Found in Part of Western Europe, Japan, and the United States of America, Davis Medieval Texts and Studies, 9 (Leiden: Brill, 1994), p. 318.

Kathleen L. Scott, Later Gothic Manuscripts 1390-1490, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles, 6, 2 vols (London: Harvey Miller, 1996), I, 65 n. 4, 75, n. 54 and 63, II, 38, 87, 111, 118, 165, 219.

Janet Backhouse, Illumination from Books of Hours (London: British Library, 2004), fig. 94.

* * *

f. 9
Virgin and Child

f. 120
Virgin and Child

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