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Detailed record for Additional 18852

Title Book of Hours, Use of Rome (the 'Hours of Joanna I of Castile' or the 'Hours of Joanna the Mad')
Origin Netherlands, S. (Bruges)
Date 1486-1506
Language Latin
Script Gothic
Artists Master of the David Scenes of the Grimani Breviary (see McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts, 2003)
Decoration Full-page miniatures in colours and gold (ff. 14v, 25v, 35v, 39v, 65v, 68v, 135v, 168v, 176v, 218v, 233v, 240v, 243v, 253v, 260v). Full scatter, architectural, or decorated borders, most with small central miniatures or decorated initials in colours and gold (ff. 15, 26, 36, 40, 42, 45, 47, 50, 52, 54, 56, 58, 60, 62, 66, 69, 73, 81, 88, 93, 100, 107, 115, 121, 127, 136, 145, 156, 160, 169, 177, 182, 184, 186, 189, 191v, 192, 194v, 195, 219, 234, 241, 244, 254, 261), some with heraldic decoration. Marginal illumination in colours of men, animals, birds, hybrid creatures, jewels, metals, or plants.
Dimensions in mm 110 x 80 (50 x 35)
Official foliation ff. 422 (+ 2 silk endleaves + 5 unfoliated parchment flyleaves at the beginning and 4 at the end).
Form Parchment codex
Binding Post-1600. 17th-century or modern (?), of red velvet, with chased silver gilt corner pieces and clasp, and red silk endleaves.
Provenance Made for Joanna I of Castile (b. 1479, d. 1555), also known as ‘Joanna the Mad’: her portraits in miniatures (ff. 26 and 288), and arms, mottos and the joined initials of Joanna and her husband, Philip the Fair (b. 1478, d. 1506), whom she married in 1496 (f. 26r); listed in a 1545 inventory of her belongings (see Kren and McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance, 2003).
Philip Augustus Hanrott (b. 1776, d. 1856) of London: his sale, Evans, London August 1833, lot 2555 (mistakenly described as a Missal made for Mary of Burgundy in the sale catalogue; see Catalogue of the Splendid, Choice and Curious Library); purchased by Tobin.
Sir John Tobin of Liverpool (b. 1763, d. 1851) (see Kren and McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance, 2003); given to his son.
The Reverend John Tobin of Liscard, Cheshire (fl. 1833-1862), in 1838 (see Kren and McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance, 2003); sold to Boone after his death, in January 1852.
William Boone, London bookseller; purchased from him by the British Museum, 2 February 1852.
Notes Full digital coverage available for this manuscript: see Digitised Manuscripts at
Select digital coverage available for this manuscript, see Catalogue of Illuminated Manuscripts
Select bibliography Catalogue of the Splendid, Choice and Curious Library of P. A. Hanrott, Esq. which will be sold by auction, by Mr. Evans (London, W. Nicol, 1833), p. 281, lot 2555.
Gustav Friedrich Waagen, Kunstwerke und Künstler in England und Paris, volume 1 (Berlin, 1837-39), pp. 131-32.
Special Exhibition of Works of Art of the Medieval, Renaissance, and More Recent Periods, on Loan at the South Kensington Museum, June 1862, ed. by J. C. Robinson (London: South Kensington Museum, 1862), p. 583.
Catalogue of Additions to the Manuscripts in the British Museum in the Years 1848-1853 (London: British Museum, 1868), p. 160.
J. A. Herbert, Illuminated Manuscripts (London: Methuen & Co., 1911), p. 319, no. 1.
Paul Durrieu, La Miniature flamande au temps de la cour de Bourgogne, 1415-1530 (Paris: Van Oest, 1921), pp. 36, 67, pl. 86.
José Ferrandis, Datos documentales inéditos para la historia del arte español, III : Inventarios reales (Juan II a Juana la Loca) (Madrid: Centro de Estudios Histo´ricos, 1943), pp. 222-23.
Heinrich Schwartz, ‘The Mirror of the Artist and the Mirror of the Devout’, Studies in the History of Art Dedicated to William E. Suida (London: Phaidon Press, 1959), p. 94.
Kurt Köster, 'Religiöse Mediallen und Wallfahrts-Devotionalien in der flämischen Buchmalerie des 15. und frühen 16. Jahrhunderts', in Buch und Welt: Festschrift für Gustav Hofmann, ed. by Hans Striedl and Joachim Wieder (Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 1965), pp. 468-69, 478, 483-84, 492, 494, 503, pl. 4.
Derek Howard Turner, Illuminated Manuscripts Exhibited in the Grenville Library (London: British Museum, 1967), pp. 48-49, no. 63.
Janet Backhouse, ‘A Victorian Connoisseur and His Manuscripts’, British Museum Quarterly, 32 (1968), pp. 85-86.
Alan Noel Latimer Munby, Connoisseurs and Medieval Miniatures 1750-1850 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1972), p. 10.
Otto Pächt, 'René d’Anjou: Studien I', Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien, 69 (1973), pp. 88, 90, no. 9.
Thomas Kren, 'A Book of Hours in the Beinecke Library (Ms.287) and an Atelier from the Ghent-Bruges School', (unpublished M.A. thesis, Yale University, 1974), pp. 21-34, no. 3.
Patrick M. de Winter, 'A Book of Hours of Queen Isabel la Católica', The Bulletin of the Cleveland Museum of Art, 67 (1981), pp. 346-47, 394, figs 5, 41.
Otto Pächt, 'Dévotion du roi René pour sainte Marie-Madeleine et le sanctuaire de Saint-Maximin', Chronique Méridionale: Arts de Moyen Age et de la Renaissance (Centre international de documentation et de recherche du Petit Palais d'Avignon, 1981), p. 23, fig. 3.
Renaissance Painting in Manuscripts: Treasures from the British Library, ed. by Thomas Kren (New York: Hudson Hill Press, 1983), pp. 59-68, no. 7.
James Marrow, ‘In desen spiegell: A New Form of Memento Mori in Fifteenth-Century Netherlandish Art', in Essays in Northern European Art: Presented to Egbert Haverkamp-Begemann on his Sixtieth Birthday, ed. by Anne-Marie Logan (Doornspijk: Davaco, 1983), pp. 156-58, 161, fig. 2.
Les Rois bibliophiles, ed. by Amalia Sarría (Brussels: Bibliothèque royale Albert Ier, 1985), no. 59 [exhibition catalogue].
Janet Backhouse, Books of Hours (London: British Library, 1985), pp. 5, 15, figs 4, 13.
Leon Kessels, ‘The Brussels/Tournai Part-Books: Structure, Illumination, and Flemish Reperatory’, in Tijdschrift van de Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis (Amsterdam: Koninklijke Vereniging voor Nederlandse Muziekgeschiedenis, 1987), pp. 88, 102.
Robert G. Calkins, ‘Sacred Image and Illusion in Late Flemish Manuscripts,’ Essays in Medieval Studies: Proceedings of the Illinois Medieval Association, 6 (1989), pp. 11-12.
Bodo Brinkmann and Eberhard König, Simon Bening: Das Blumen-Stundenbuch Simon Bening: Le Livre d’heures aux fleurs, Clm 23637 Bayerische Staatsbibliothek München (Lucern: Faksimile Verlag, 1991), pp. 90, 313.
Bodo Brinkmann, ‘Uber den Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und seine Beziehung zu Utrecht’, in Masters and Miniatures: Proceedings of the Congress on Medieval Manuscript Illumination in the Northern Netherlands (Utrecht, 10-13 December 1989), ed. by K. van der Horst and Johann-Christian Klamt (Doornspijk, Netherlands: Davaco 1991), p. 193, no. 47.
Lieve de Kesel, ‘Cambridge University Library Ms. Add. 4100: A Book of Hours Illuminated by the Master of the Prayer Books of circa 1500?’, Fifteenth-Century Flemish Manuscripts in Cambridge Collections; Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 10, part 2 (Cambridge: Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 1992), p. 201, no. 40.
Susie Nash, ‘A Fifteenth-Century French Manuscript and an Unknown Painting by Robert Campin’, Burlington Magazine, 137 (1995), 428-37 (p. 437, fig. 14).
Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts, 1475-1550, ed. by Maurits Smeyers and Jan Van der Stock (St Petersburg: State Hermitage Museum, 1996), p. 31 [exhibition catalogue]
Cyriel Stroo and Pascale Syfer-d'Olne, The Master of Flémalle and Rogier van der Weyden Groups (Brussels: Musées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique, 1996), p. 170.
Bodo Brinkmann, Die flämische Buchmalerei am Ende des Burgunderreichs: der Meister des Dresdener Gebetbuchs und die Miniaturisten seiner Zeit (Turnhout: Brepols, 1997), pp. 180, 322-23.
Maurits Smeyers, Vlaamse miniaturen van de 8ste tot het midden van de 16de eeuw: de middeleeuwse wereld op perkament (Baarn: Tirion, 1998), pp. 435, 438, fig. 24.
Maurits Smeyers, Flemish Miniatures from the 8th to the mid-16th Century (Leuven: Brepols, 1999), p. 438, pl. 24.
Thomas Kren and Scot McKendrick, Illuminating the Renaissance: the Triumph of Flemish Manuscript Painting in Europe (Los Angeles: G. Paul Getty Museum, 2003), cat. no. 114, pp. 385-87.
Scot McKendrick, Flemish Illuminated Manuscripts 1400-1550 (London: British Library, 2003), pls 97-100.
Ursula Weekes, Early Engravers and their Public: the Master of the Berlin Passion and Manuscripts from Convents in the Rhine-Maas Region, ca. 1450-1500 (Turnhout: Harvey Miller, 2004), pl. 177.
The Splendor of the Word: Medieval and Renaissance Illuminated Manuscripts at the New York Public Library, ed. by Jonathan J. G. Alexander, James H. Marrow, and Lucy Freeman Sandler (London: Harvey Miller, 2005), p. 295, n. 2 [exhibition catalogue].
Treasures of the British Library, ed. by Nicolas Barker and others (London: British Library, 2005), p. 141.
Elizabeth Morrison, Beasts: Factual & Fantastic (Los Angeles: J. Paul Getty Museum, 2007), p. 87.
Margaret Scott, Medieval Dress & Fashion (London: British Library, 2007), pl. 104.
Hanneke van Asperen, Pelgrimstekens op perkament: Originele en nageschilderde bedevaartssouvenirs in religieuze boeken (ca 1450 - ca 1530) (Nijmegen: Orange House, 2009), pp. 388-89, 471.
Hanno Wijsman, ‘Philippe le Beau et les livres: recontre entre une époque et une personnalité’, in Books in Transition at the Time of Philip the Fair: Manuscripts and Printed Books in the Late Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century Low Countries, ed. by Hanno Wijsman (Turnhout: Brepols, 2010), pp. 44-45.
Eberhard Konig, 'Books for Women made by Men, in Medieval Charm: Illuminated Mauscripts for Royal, Aristocratic and Ecclesiastical Patronage, ed. by Florence Brazes-Moly and Francesca Marini (Pollestres: TDO Editions, 2016), pp. 64-83 (pp. 77-82)..

Javier Docampo Capilla, 'Imagen y oracion en la Castilla del siglo XV: s proposito de las lammadas Horas Atalaya (Philadelphia Museum of Art, 45-65-17), in Més enllà de les pregàries: llibres d'hores a l'ideari espiritual dels segles medievals I inicis del Renaixement, ed. by Josefina Planas (Lleida: Universitat de Lleida, 2021), pp. 207-39 (p. 51

* * *
Skull and mirror

f. 15
Skull and mirror
Archangel Michael trampling the Devil

f. 25v
Archangel Michael trampling the Devil
Joanna of Castile with John the Baptist and her guardian angel

f. 26
Joanna of Castile with John the Baptist and her guardian angel
Risen Christ and Apostles

f. 39v
Risen Christ and Apostles
A bishop and clerics praying

f. 135v
A bishop and clerics praying
Male figures emergin from flowers

f. 191v
Male figures emergin from flowers
Tree of Jesse

f. 192
Tree of Jesse
Angel and animal

f. 261
Angel and animal
The Virgin nursing the Christ Child

f. 287v
The Virgin nursing the Christ Child
Joanna of Castile presented to the Virgin and Child

f. 288
Joanna of Castile presented to the Virgin and Child
Text page

f. 405v
Text page

f. 412
St George and the dragon

f. 413v
St George and the dragon

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